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What Are the Symptoms of Dog Polymyositis?

Many veterinarians are unaware of the fact that dogs can have a form of canine polymyopathy. This condition can occur in any dog, but dogs with polymyositis usually display similar symptoms. The main difference between the various forms of this disorder is that the symptoms of a canine form can vary greatly depending on the type and severity of the illness.

Common symptoms of this disorder include stiffness, muscular weakness and a general lack of coordination. Often the dogs will exhibit pain after exertion, reluctance to go outside, generalized weakness and joint unresponsiveness. In some cases, joint stiffness can go on for weeks or even months without any signs or symptoms.

Some dogs with Polymyositis may have unexplained muscle weakness

These symptoms are often coupled with the loss of appetite, increased shedding, vomiting, diarrhoea, fever and weight loss. Other forms of polymyositis do not display these symptoms at all. A complete diagnosis of canine polymyositis usually requires an evaluation by a veterinarian that specializes in canine health.

The most common form of dog polymyositis is called myositis and symptoms of myositis can vary quite a bit depending on the type and severity of the condition. The symptoms of myositis are almost always associated with an underlying cause. The most common cause is genetic or hormonal problems.

The other type of cause of Polymyositis in Dogs is due to the effects of

Dog Polymyositis

Steroids

Some pre-diabetic dogs may become diabetic with corticosteroid usage. In many of these cases, diabetes resolves once the steroid is discontinued. Some diseases and medical conditions require long-term treatment with corticosteroids, at either an anti-inflammatory dose or an immunosuppressive dose.

Most dogs can safely use corticosteroids if a few simple guidelines are followed. For dogs on higher doses or frequencies of corticosteroids, stomach protectants (e.g., omeprazole) are often used to prevent stomach upset. Dogs on long-term corticosteroids should be monitored with quarterly examinations and with urine cultures and blood tests every six months.

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Corticosteroids can be life-saving medications and improve the quality of life for many dogs. By working closely with your veterinarian, you can safely administer these drugs and provide your dog with the high quality of care he needs and deserves.

Cortisone

Cortisone is known to chemists as 17α,21-dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,11,20-trione (there will be a quiz on that later), cortisone is a hormone produced by your dog’s adrenal glands. The dog’s body releases cortisone in response to injuries, illnesses, and other threats. Part of the fight-or-flight response, it helps to reduce any pain and itching arising from the problem.

Cortisone is commonly used as a medication, but it is only available by prescription. It is available in oral and injectable forms, as well as a topical cream. Cortisone is primarily used to treat inflammation-related disorders in dogs, although it is also used to provide pain relief or increase mobility in some cases. Learn more

Steroid and cortisone treatments can also cause a general condition called tendonitis that can manifest itself in joint pain and weakness. Tendonitis is the inflammation of a tendon. It happens when a person overuses or injures a tendon, for example, during sport. It is normally linked to an acute injury with inflammation. Tendonitis often affects the

  • Elbow
  • Wrist
  • Finger
  • Thigh, and
  • Other parts of the body

The body part that is involved may give the injury its name, for example, Achilles tendonitis. Familiar terms are tennis or golfer’s elbow, jumper’s knee, and pitcher’s shoulder. Tendonitis can occur at any age, but it is more common among adults who do a lot of sport. Older people are also susceptible because the tendons tend to lose elasticity and become weaker with age. Read: Tendonitis Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors

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Prednisone

This is a prescription medication that is used in dogs and cats. Prednisone is available as 1 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, and 50 mg scored tablets. The usual dose for dogs and cats is determined based on the condition being treated and the pet’s response to treatment. Prednisone should not be stopped suddenly. There should be a gradual reduction in dosage before stopping.

Prednisone should be taken with food to lessen stomach upset. Do not give Prednisone to your pet if the pet has a serious bacterial, viral or fungal infection. Prednisone weakens the pet’s immune response and its ability to fight infections. Give this medication exactly as directed by your veterinarian. Do not give more or less than is prescribed by the veterinarian. Learn more

Another cause of Polymyositis is due to nutritional deficiencies. In these cases, the immune system is unable to properly respond to the nutrients needed to fight off infections and prevent further damage to the joints.

Some breeds of dogs are more susceptible to Polymyositis

If you suspect that your dog has canine polymyositis, it is important that you consult a veterinary professional. The reason that it is important to have a vet perform a thorough assessment is that there are many possible causes of this condition and a dog without proper diagnosis can actually develop the condition much later on in life.

Many dogs with this condition develop chronic conditions if left untreated. There are a number of treatment options available for dogs with this condition. In most cases, the treatment plan consists of a healthy diet, physical activity, anti-inflammatory medications and a multivitamin supplement. Many dogs have good results using these options but some will respond better to prescription medications.

A healthy diet is an important part of any dog’s diet

A healthy diet will include a variety of meats, cereals and vegetables in addition to grain products and a high protein supplement. The foods should be made from meat that is free of contaminants. Exercise is a must on a regular basis. An active lifestyle helps to prevent this condition and many dogs enjoy running or jogging in order to burn fat and maintain their healthy joints.

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It is also important to include exercise in your dog’s daily schedule for many reasons. Regular exercise will increase the mobility, strengthen bones and joints and improve circulation. Taking a multivitamin supplement is another important part of a dog’s diet. This supplement can help prevent damage to the kidneys and liver.

The supplements can also help your pet maintain adequate levels of the vitamins and minerals needed for good digestion and skin health. Your dog’s diet also needs to contain a number of antioxidants to help your dog function well.

Anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to help your dog deal with the pain caused by the condition. They also work to reduce inflammation and swelling. These medications help reduce arthritis and muscle spasms. In more serious cases of canine polymyositis, surgery may be necessary to correct joint deformities.

Once your dog’s diet, exercise and supplements have been met, a good dose of multivitamins can help to speed healing and prevent joint deformities in the future. Remember that prevention is always better than cure. If you suspect that your dog may have this condition, consult with a veterinarian today to discuss ways to prevent and treat your dog’s symptoms. and to find a treatment plan that works best for your dog’s unique situation.

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