Throat cancer usually refers to cancers that originate in either the oesophageal or pharynx (inhaling airway) but can also be referred to other cancers that originate in the oesophageal or pharynx. Some common cancers that originate in the throat include
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Adenodecyanin carcinoma
- Pleural mesothelioma
- Squamous cell carcinoma, and
- Sinus cancer
Some of the other cancers that may appear in this area include throat abscesses and tonsillitis. There are different kinds of symptoms to be aware of when you have a suspected case of throat cancer. The symptoms of this cancer include
- Wheezing, and
- Nasal congestion.
Other throat cancers may also cause
Chest pain or chest discomfort and breathing problems. These symptoms may be accompanied by fever, unexplained weight loss, vomiting, difficulty breathing, and increased sweating. One of the most important aspects to remember is to see your doctor for a diagnosis of throat cancer at the first sign of the problem.
There are different types of cancer which appear in areas such as the throat, chest, and back. You should also keep in mind that each type of cancer has its own symptoms and signs so it’s important to know what to look for and when to take action.
The treatment options for throat cancer depend on the type of cancer and the stage it is at
When you have suspected throat cancer, your doctor will be able to tell you if you’re at risk and what your overall prognosis is for this type of cancer. The treatment options include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Surgery is the treatment of choice for people with adenocarcinoma and those who have malignant pleural mesothelioma.
Radiation therapy uses high energy rays from the sun or the medical device to kill cancer cells and shrink them. Radiation therapy is also used to kill melanoma. Chemotherapy can also be used to treat those who have tumors that have spread.
In most cases, surgery and radiation therapy will be the first line of defence against these cancers but in some cases, surgery may not be an option and chemotherapy may be recommended
Chemotherapy is used for cancer cells that have not yet reached the bones and surrounding tissues. The medicine being used helps to reduce the size of the tumor. Chemotherapy is sometimes administered through the injection of the medicine into the cancer cells.
Radiation therapy uses radio waves from a device called a radiation beam to kill cancerous cells. This kind of radiation can cause very minor side effects such as swelling or reddening of the skin. It can cause changes to the mucous membranes.
Symptoms of throat cancer should be considered
If the cancer is in the area of the mouth or the base of the neck. If you notice any of the following symptoms, see your doctor immediately. If your doctor suspects that you’ve been affected by throat cancer, there is no time to waste. You might notice that you are experiencing neck, shoulder, or jaw pain. In addition to the pain, you might notice that the throat feels sore.
You might experience nausea and difficulty swallowing food or talking. This is a sign that the cancer has spread to other areas of the body and needs more attention. If you notice these symptoms, do not hesitate to call your doctor.
You might notice that the cancer cells are spreading into the bone. In this case, your doctor might order more tests to determine if they are in fact bone tumors. or something else that has already formed. If you have not noticed any changes, you might want to wait for the cancer to grow out of the area.
After the treatment has been chosen, it’s important to remember that these treatments take many months before they are fully effective. Even then, it might not be possible to completely get rid of cancer.
Some people will be able to undergo radiation therapy and chemotherapy and the radiation therapy can work to kill most of the cancer cells while chemotherapy kills off the cancer cells that have spread. It is important that you take care of yourself by exercising, eating well and resting well. Avoiding smoking and drinking plenty of water is also essential to your overall health.
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