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What are the Eye Problems that are associated with Diabetes

What is Diabetic Retinopathy Syndrome? Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness among American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina. It occurs when diabetes damages the small blood vessels of the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue located in the back of the eye and maybe worthy of work disability.

What are the main symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy Syndrome? The person usually sees the loss of vision when this pathology has already advanced so it is mandatory and important, to check the diabetic eye fund periodically and before the loss of vision begins

Therefore, the patient may have Diabetic Retinopathy and not be aware of it because they have no symptoms

As a progression of the diabetes problem occurs, patients may perceive any of the following symptoms

  • Loss of vision.
  • Blurred or fluctuating vision (changes from clear to blurred).
  • Poor night vision.
  • Difficulty perceiving colours.
  • Stains in the visual field (myodesopsia “The visible deposits within the eye’s vitreous humour which may be annoying or problematic to some people”) or dark areas (the main symptom of retinal detachment)

What are the types of Diabetic Retinopathy?


Diabetic retinopathy is caused by damage to the blood vessels in the tissue at the back of the eye (retina). Poorly controlled blood sugar is a risk factor. Early symptoms include floaters, blurriness, dark areas of vision and difficulty perceiving colours. Blindness can occur. Mild cases may be treated with careful diabetes management. Advanced cases may require laser treatment or surgery.

  • Base or background, the disease is limited to the retina.
  • Preproliferative.
  • Proliferative, The disease extends beyond the retina with the growth of new vases (new anomalous blood vessels) and possible oedema. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is the most advanced phase of this pathology associated with diabetes.
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Is it feasible to obtain a disability or disability due to Diabetic Retinopathy?

There are four kinds of disability percentage in the case of diabetes. It must be borne in mind that to reach the 33% minimum required it is necessary to belong to classes 3 and 4:

Class 1: Does not grant any percentage, 0%.

You will not be able to benefit from any percentage of disability if you are a patient with asymptomatic diabetes mellitus and follow a pharmacological and dietary treatment.

Class 2: Between 1% and 24% disability.

It could be granted if you have asymptomatic diabetes mellitus but whose correct treatment is not able to maintain adequate metabolic control. Or when there is evidence of diabetic microangiopathy defined by retinopathy or persistent albuminuria greater than 30 mg/dl.

Class 3: Between 25% and 49%.

It requires that you have had to be hospitalized for acute decompensations of your diabetes, up to three times in a year and lasting more than 48 hours each.

Class 4: Between 50% and 70%.

It is also granted if you have to be hospitalized for acute decompensations, but more than three times in a year.

Is it feasible to access a pension for disability due to Diabetic Retinopathy?

Since the deficiencies and pathologies of vision can be objectified by measuring their incidence in visual function, it is possible to determine the degrees of extreme impairment of work capacity.

Therefore, the situations that may give rise to a Total or Partial Permanent Disability are those that offer the greatest complications due to the lack of vision when assessing a specific performance or profession. In these cases it will be necessary to meet the requirements of a specific professional, to determine the extent to which the affected worker is affected.

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In certain jobs, crashes against immovable objects, falls, abuses or blows with vehicles are the most important risks. For more info, you can consult the best doctors at Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai.

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