What Are the Early Signs of Macular Degeneration?
In the United States, the leading cause of blindness is macular degeneration, also called AMD or ARMD. This eye problem affects millions of people every year and tends to be the most common cause of vision loss in middle-aged people. It is not due to old age or disease, but to factors that occur as we get older.
AMD slows down as we age, but it can happen at any age. The key to preventing AMD and preserving healthy eyesight is to identify and take preventative measures early. The lens in the eye is surrounded by a retinal cushion, which helps to reduce the effects of eye strain and visual distortions such as blurriness and blind spots.
The retinal fluid is constantly refreshed, but it becomes denser with age
This causes the lens to become less able to focus light, causing blurry vision and halos around lights. As a result, the centre of vision darkens and the field of vision shrinks, resulting in less than optimal eye movement.
This leads to a condition known as “refractive errors,” where objects in the distance are blurred while objects nearby are clear. Another type of error is called “intraocular pressure” (IOP) and relates to the way a person’s eye feels from the back of the eye, where the muscles control eye movement.
People suffering from AMD have a thin layer of fat over their retina
This can be thin or thick and is called the drusen. If the drusen are too thick, it can cause the delicate fibres within the macula to become damaged. This can result in vision loss because the retina does not function properly. Early signs of macular degeneration often show up in people who have a lot of.
In advanced cases of macular degeneration, the centre of vision may have already been affected. The centre of vision can sometimes be restored with surgery, but vision loss may occur at any point along the way. This advanced stage is characterized by an image that appears fuzzy because the area affected has scar tissue and is difficult to clean.
Sometimes there are no symptoms at all. In other cases, the symptoms can progress toward being more serious. In order to detect early signs of macular degeneration, a doctor should visit a doctor who is trained to examine individuals with these conditions.
The doctor will use special equipment to examine the retina under a magnifier. The doctor will look for clues to the progression of the disease. In some cases, the doctor will perform a manual examination of the eye itself. Other times, a computerized program will generate images of the eye.
In both cases, the goal of the examiner is to detect signs of the disease using a Wet AMD test or a Dry AMD test
The Wet AMD test is often used to determine if a person has only dry macular degeneration or if they have both types of the disease. A person who has only dry macular degeneration needs to have their eyes examined before the age of 60. In the case of wet macular degeneration, the wet AMD test is done when the patient is young. The person can take the test several weeks after the first incident of dryness in the eye.
There is a world-renowned eye surgeon and Retinal Specialist who began his medical career at the University of California and received a degree in radiologic technology and became a surgical resident in 1970. He went on to complete multiple studies and residencies in various retinal diseases.
He even underwent several advancements in laser surgery and later served as chief resident in vitreoretinal surgery. Prior to his retirement, he was also a surgeon general surgeon and associate chief of surgery for the Veterans Affairs Department in Washington, D.C.
Although there are no treatments for this progressive disease, increasing research has resulted in techniques that may one day help treat it. Since there is no cure, treatment can only help delay the progression of the disease. The most common treatment for this is treatment with medications such as beta blockers, diuretics, antioxidants and laser surgery.
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