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What are The Different Types of Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is an illness where the brain functions abnormally. The usual cause of this disease is not yet clearly identified. Because of its hereditary nature, epilepsy is found to be the most common type of neuralgia. There is a special type of epilepsy that is not inherited.

When a child suffers from epilepsy at a very young age, his or her chances of getting it again and for a lifetime are extremely high. Unfortunately, children are diagnosed with epilepsy at a very young age, too. The diagnosis of epilepsy at a very young age could be related to a developmental disorder.

Children who suffer from epilepsy are classified into four types

Two of them are progressive and the others are mixed. The type of epilepsy is found to be a determining factor in the type of treatment that is given to the child. In other words, a child suffering from epilepsy needs to be treated according to the type of epilepsy he or she has.

The condition known as Leber’s syndrome is considered a form of epilepsy. The good news is that there is a new medicine called Reglan which is very effective in treating this condition.

Seizures can affect a large number of people

Epilepsy

This happens due to many reasons. Perhaps, the reason behind the condition is unknown, but there are instances when there is a family history of epilepsy. When a child suffers from epilepsy and the mother or father suffers from epilepsy, chances are high that the child will also suffer from the same condition.

Epilepsy can be caused by a variety of things. Some of the causes of epilepsy include

  • Exposure to toxins
  • Extreme stress
  • Severe head trauma
  • Heart problems, or certain kinds of medication.
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Certain foods can also cause epileptic seizures, which include

  • Meat
  • Raw tomatoes
  • Dried fruits
  • Garlic.

Seizures are generally considered as physical symptoms of epilepsy. As the name implies, these physical symptoms of epilepsy are seen as electrical activities in the brain. Certain neurological disorders can cause seizures and lead to the disorder of brain functions.

Psychiatric disorders like anxiety disorders and depression can also cause epilepsy

The condition is different from epileptic encephalopathy, which is an illness that leads to high fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain. It is believed that epilepsy can also lead to the condition of having seizures that are normal in nature, but due to some medical conditions or substances in the body that affects the brain.

Thesaurus contains dictionary-type words that are related to epilepsy. Knowing this helps one better understand the condition of epilepsy and seizure. As far as types of epilepsy, the different types of epilepsy that are present include;

Partial epilepsy

This is a type of seizure associated with epilepsy. It may also be referred to as a focal seizure. Epilepsy is a condition that causes multiple seizures, and the seizures can be of any type. A simple partial seizure will affect only one area of the brain. It doesn’t cause the person to lose consciousness. It’s also very quick, typically lasting only a minute or two.

Generalized epilepsy

A generalized seizure may also be known as a generalized tonic-clonic seizure or a grand mal seizure. Generalized seizures follow a basic pattern. First, your muscles stiffen and become rigid. Then, you experience violent muscle contractions in which the muscles move in quick, random spasms. You lose consciousness, or blackout so that you’re no longer aware of what’s happening. Read more

Focal epilepsy

This is a neurological condition in which the predominant symptom is recurring seizures that affect one hemisphere (half) of the brain. The cause of these localized (focal) seizures is not yet known, but some research points to a genetic component. The person’s brain and brain function may appear normal.

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Treatment for these epilepsies starts with anticonvulsant medications. Epilepsy surgery such as laser ablation or temporal lobectomy may be an option, especially when the cause of the seizures is an abnormality in the brain such as mesial temporal sclerosis. Read more

Mixed epilepsy

This is not uncommon for someone who experiences one type of generalized seizure to occasionally have another type as well. For example, a child who periodically has myoclonic seizures may have a tonic-clonic seizure triggered by a mild fever. In fact, any generalized form of epilepsy, regardless of the type of seizure most often experienced, may give rise to tonic-clonic seizures in some circumstances.

Infantile spasms

This is a seizure disorder in babies. The seizures (or spasms) make muscles in the arms and legs stiff and bend the baby’s head forward. They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling).

Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life. Spasms start suddenly and last a second or two. They often come one after another in a cluster that lasts several minutes. They happen most often just after waking. They’re often mistaken for colic, reflux, or hiccupping.

Infantile spasms (also called West syndrome) can be caused by brain malformations, infections, brain injury, or abnormal blood vessels in the brain. IS also can happen in babies with certain metabolic and genetic disorders. In rare cases, a baby’s infantile spasms are caused by a vitamin B6 deficiency. Continue reading

Post-traumatic seizures

These are seizures that result from traumatic brain injury (TBI), brain damage caused by physical trauma. PTS may be a risk factor for post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), but a person who has a seizure or seizures due to traumatic brain injury does not necessarily have PTE, which is a form of epilepsy, a chronic condition in which seizures occur repeatedly. However, “PTS” and “PTE” may be used interchangeably in the medical literature.

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The seizures are usually an indication of a more severe TBI. Seizures that occur shortly after a person suffers a brain injury may further damage the already vulnerable brain. They may reduce the amount of oxygen available to the brain, cause excitatory neurotransmitters to be released in excess, increase the brain’s metabolic need, and raise the pressure within the intracranial space, further contributing to the damage. Learn more

Understanding the effects seizures can have on a person is the first step in managing the disease

Those with the disorder are normally prescribed with certain medicines that are helpful in treating seizures. However, there are many side effects associated with seizure medications and it is advisable to use these medications only under the supervision of a doctor. A person with epilepsy has a higher chance of having epilepsy.

A person with epilepsy has the option of seeking help from a doctor or a therapist or two and there are different approaches towards the treatment of epilepsy. This disorder usually takes the form of a genetic disease and has a greater chance of recurrence if not treated appropriately. Epilepsy is hereditary and this is why there is a tendency for a family member to have the disorder.

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