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What Are the Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or IBS, a group of commonly encountered symptoms that affect the digestive tract. It is a common yet uncomfortable gastrointestinal disorder affecting thousands of Americans each year.

Many patients experience severe discomfort in the abdomen and digestive system and often experience symptoms related to irritable Bowel Syndrome such as

  • Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

Those suffering from irritable bowel syndrome frequently also experience

  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of interest in normal activities

Syndromes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome may also include

  • Abdominal cramping
  • Excess gas
  • Excessive pain

Most of the syndromes of irritable bowel syndrome can be treated with diet and dietary supplements, although there are also some patients who cannot eat certain foods or do not respond well to diet or dietary supplements.

Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

This condition of irritable bowel syndrome has no known cause and no clear relationship between diet and irritable bowel syndrome. The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can affect both women and men. It usually begins at adolescence or early adulthood.

Common types of irritable bowel syndromes include Crohn’s disease, which can lead to inflammation of the small and large intestines. Ulcerative colitis is another type of disorder that may lead to inflammation of the large intestine.

Ulcerative colitis is known to be a contributing factor to other IBS syndromes

There is also Irritable Bowel Syndrome caused by a more serious disorder, it is not known exactly what causes Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), but it is believed that a deficiency of serotonin, a chemical produced in the brain, is the primary cause of this condition.

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The serotonin found in the body naturally regulates the immune system and other processes. A lack of serotonin in the bloodstream is often a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome. Serotonin when added to the diet, can help to alleviate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

There are many theories about the mechanisms through which serotonin helps to treat irritable bowel syndrome

One such theory suggests that serotonin regulates the release of a chemical called gastrin, which stimulates the lining of the stomach to decrease stomach acid production and increase the production of stomach fluids that help to remove stomach acid.

Another theory on how serotonin works in treating irritable bowel syndrome is through the stimulation of the production of lactic dehydrogenase, which breaks down lactic acid. into lactic acid and potassium.

As mentioned above, IBS syndromes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome are the result of a deficiency of serotonin, and serotonin may play a role in treating irritable bowel syndrome. However, it is difficult to treat patients with an underlying serotonin deficiency without additional treatments.

In addition to medication, most patients are advised to take a high fibre, low starch diet to reduce symptoms. A high fibre diet that contains soluble fibres like soluble fibre, oat bran, and wheat bran is recommended.

Some studies indicate that stress can contribute to irritable bowel syndrome

Stress can cause the release of chemicals like histamine in the body that can lead to IBS. It is important to address stress levels and avoid stressful situations in order to alleviate irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Other causes of stress that may not be related to the bowel inclusde

  • Anxiety
  • Depression, and
  • Social phobias can cause the release of chemicals in the body that may contribute to irritable bowel syndrome
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These chemicals can result in

  • Bloating
  • Pain, and
  • Upset stomach

This type of stress may cause the release of histamines in the body that contribute to irritable bowel syndrome. Some studies also show that

  • Stress
  • Depression, and
  • Anxiety

Can also lead to the overproduction of chemicals that are known as cytokines which have been shown to contribute to the symptoms of IBS. The production of cytokines may aggravate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

The combination of stress, depression, and anxiety may cause the release of prostaglandins, a type of cytokine, which has been shown to trigger the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Prostaglandins have been shown to worsen symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, especially when taken together with other cytokines.

While it is not clear how serotonin affects irritable bowel syndrome, there are several ways to treat patients with irritable bowel syndrome who are suffering from a deficiency of serotonin in their blood. The treatment of choice may be to add a serotonin supplement to the diet or to treat the underlying cause of the symptoms with medication.

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