Oropharyngeal and oral candidiasis are both common forms of mouth and throat candidiasis. Oropharyngeal candida is more common in children than adults, but it is not rare for adults to get oral candidiasis as well.
Oropharyngeal Candida is more commonly known as thrush and is often caused by an overgrowth of bacteria within the mouth or throat. Oropharyngeal and oral candida are both caused by a fungal organism called oral thrush.
This candida species are present naturally in humans but becomes a problem when it multiplies and becomes a systemic disease. Oftentimes the mouth becomes dry and irritated, there are white patches that form on the tongue, and there may be some redness around the lips and cheeks.
The patient may experience fever and chills as well. In addition, a person may experience mouth sores. When candida becomes an overgrowth, it begins to attack healthy cells in the body. Over time the fungus can damage several organs including the
- Intestines, and
Because of this damage, it may lead to other types of illness. Although this particular fungal species is relatively harmless, many people suffer from serious effects from an overgrowth of candida. These may include:
Symptoms of oral candida in adults may include the following
Some adults have no symptoms at all but still, develop severe discomfort while consuming certain foods. This discomfort can lead to severe upset
- Stomach aches
- Abdominal pain, and
There are two different kinds of medications available to treat oral candida in adults
The first is antifungals and the second is anti-parasitic medications. There are also natural remedies that can treat oral candida. This type of treatment usually involves eating a diet that contains probiotics and taking a variety of herbal supplements that will help control the growth of candida.
Oral anti-parasitic medications work by killing off the yeast that causes the infection. They also prevent the formation of new Candida albicans. They can help reduce inflammation and promote healing.
Antifungal medications are available in tablet and liquid forms. The pill form can be taken orally but the liquid can be used by mouth. They should not be used by those who suffer from other health problems such as diabetes or HIV/AIDS because they can cause an increased risk of dehydration.
Oral antifungals should be used with a physician’s supervision. A health care provider may prescribe a prescription antibiotic if the infection has not responded to antifungal medication. If this is the case, it may be necessary to take an antibiotic to treat the infection.
There is also a liquid antifungal ointment that can be used if the infection is not responding to an oral antifungal medication. This antifungal ointment must be applied to the affected area a couple of times a day and is recommended for people who are experiencing moderate to severe symptoms. It is designed to kill the fungus.
To treat milder cases, there are oral anti-parasitic medications. They are more expensive than oral antifungal medications and can cause mild side effects. Serious problems such as bleeding in the mouth or swallowing may require surgery.
A surgical procedure to remove the entire part of the gums (gingivitis) or to remove a large portion of the oral cavity can be done to treat severe infections. Bacteria can grow inside the oesophagus. Antifungal medication can prevent these bacteria from growing by destroying it.
The medication will kill the bacteria and prevent them from forming any more colonies. For a moderate infection, a topical, over the counter antifungal medication is the best option. A cream containing a variety of antifungals is available over the counter.
There are different types of these creams available and each type will treat a specific part of the infection. Some examples of antifungal creams are Diflucan and Preparation H. Other options to help treat severe infections include oral antibiotics.
These are generally used in conjunction with antifungals and are usually more expensive. They must be used as directed by your doctor or pharmacist. Oral antibiotics can be given for a number of symptoms.
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