When you get a cold or the flu, or have a toothache your mouth often becomes infected with germs and bacteria that are both bad for your teeth and can lead to dental problems. Having tooth or gum issues is not a nice experience.

Fortunately, many of these problems can easily be avoided if you follow the right steps. Brushing your teeth twice daily, eating good food, flossing everyday and regular check-up at the dentists are some of the necessary steps you can take to prevent dental problems.

Being enlightened about frequently occurring dental problems and their causes is another way you can prevent or avoid them.

Here is a list of common dental problems

Common Dental Problems

Bad breath

A dental problem that is not always painful but can spread into your gums and jaw is bad breath. Medically known as Halitosis, bad breath can be embarrassing. The dental research has shown that 85% of people who live with persistent mouth odors have a dental problem as the causative agent.

Some familiar culprits of this problem include gum disease, oral cancer, dry mouth, cavities, and bacteria on the tongue. These dental problems can cause bad breath and mouthwash will only do a temporary job; it doesn’t cure the odor.

The root problem has to be treated for the bad breath to go away. If you have chronic bad breath, visit a dental hygienist to find out what the cause may be and how to get rid of it.

If you have persistent bad breath then you might think you have a gum or jaw infection, but it could just be a buildup of tartar or plaque, which is caused by too much food particles on your teeth.

If you have a good oral hygiene regime you shouldn’t have a problem, however, if you do have poor hygiene then you might think your bad breath is a sign of a bigger dental problem. So, in order to avoid spreading bad breath, you should take care of your oral hygiene.

Tooth Decay

This is one of the most prevalent dental problems in the country. Popularly known as cavities, tooth decay happens when a sticky substance called plaque forms on the teeth and starts to mix with the sugar or starchy foods you eat.

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This combination creates acids that attack the enamel of the tooth. Cavities happen to people of varying age ranges and not just to children. As you grow older, it is possible to develop cavities due to the eroding of your tooth enamel.

Another cause for tooth decay is dry mouth due to age or drugs. Preventive measures against tooth decay include brushing your teeth twice daily, flossing every day, and regular visits to the dentist.

Limiting the intake of drinks and snacks that are high in sugar and eating more healthy foods also aid in preventing tooth decay. Your dentist can also provide other preventive measures that can help reduce your chances of developing cavities.

Gum Disease

Medically known as periodontal disease, gum disease occurs when the gum surrounding the teeth gets infected. Periodontal disease is one of the leading contributors to tooth loss during adulthood.

Scientists have hinted that there may be an association between heart disease and periodontal disease. Gum disease affects everyone, but its occurrence is commonly found among people of age 30 and above. Certain things can increase your chances of developing periodontal disease, including smoking, dry mouth, and diabetes.

Gum disease symptoms include

  • Sensitive tooth
  • Mouth odor
  • Red or Inflamed Gum
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing

If you have any of these symptoms, contact your dentist immediately to get the appropriate treatment and to avoid further problems like tooth loss. Periodontal disease has two main stages; gingivitis and periodontitis.

An effective way to prevent gum disease is by brushing at least two times a day and flossing every day. A regular check-up at the dentist is also necessary.

Oral Cancer

Oral Cancer is a severe and terminal illness that millions of people suffer from. The good news is, it can be cured if discovered and treated early enough. This disease is commonly found in adults age 40 and above.

Tobacco (chewing tobacco inclusive) and alcohol usage are the most significant risk factors associated with the disease. People with a sexually transmitted infection like HPV, are at an increased risk of developing oral cancer.

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Symptoms of oral cancer include

  • Lumps
  • Sores
  • Coarse regions in the mouth

There may also be changes in your bite and difficulty with chewing or moving your tongue and jaw. The best way to detect oral cancer early is by frequently visiting your dentist for a check-up.

You can also confirm if your dentist offers mouth or throat cancer examination as part of their regular check-up. Contact your dentist immediately if you notice any of the symptoms mentioned here.

Mouth Sores

There are different types of mouth sores, and they can be annoying and irritating. They are usually not a big issue and often disappear without any treatment.

The problem comes when a mouth sore persists after two weeks. Canker sores or aphthous ulcers are common mouth sores that develop inside the mouth. They are not transmittable and can be caused by various factors.

They become a problem if after two weeks they don’t disappear. Fever blisters or cold sores are usually due to the Herpes simplex virus, and they are seen on the edge of the lips.

They are transmittable and are not totally curable. Mouth sores also occur from oral thrush or candidiasis. This is a yeast infection found in the mouth that affects

  • Babies
  • Diabetes patients
  • People receiving cancer treatment
  • Denture wearers

Tooth Erosion

This is the loss of tooth structure due to acids attacking the tooth enamel. Signs of tooth erosion include tooth sensitivity and cracking. Tooth erosion happens more frequently than people think but can easily be avoided.

Tooth Sensitivity: This is a very common dental problem, and it involves the feeling of pain or discomfort to your teeth when it comes in contact with hot or cold foods.

Sometimes, brushing and flossing can be uncomfortable and cause sensitivity in the tooth. Fortunately, it is curable. In some cases, tooth sensitivity is a sign of a cracked tooth or other tooth problem that requires immediate attention. Contact your dentist if you suddenly develop tooth sensitivity.

Toothaches and Dental Emergencies

Dental accidents can be quite scary and should immediately be treated by the dentist. A broken or cracked tooth, abscessed tooth, or fractured jaw are examples of common dental emergencies.

Unattractive smile

While this might not be a medical problem, it is a primary reason people visit the dentist. Thankfully, technology has made it possible for anyone to have an attractive smile.

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Teeth whitening, dental implants, and many other orthodontic treatments can make this happen. Dental issues can be bothersome, so it’s best you do all you can to avoid them. For further information or appointment booking, contact Dental Hygienist London today.

If your dental problems are not treated correctly these problems can spread to other parts of your body and cause health problems like ulcers, infections, toothaches and bad breath.

If the problem is not addressed immediately, it can actually worsen, especially if it is not treated properly by either using mouthwash or antibiotics. You may find that certain foods and habits make your problem worse, like drinking a lot of sugary drinks or smoking.

So in order to avoid getting a toothache and stop spreading bad breath around your mouth, you should pay close attention to your diet and teeth. A dental appointment is very important because it will let your dentist see what’s wrong with your teeth and how bad the infection is.

The good news is that many common dental problems are easily treatable. It is also important to remember that you do not always have to have a dental appointment if your pain is minor or it has gone away in a day or two.

For example, if your toothache is mild and stays in one location or is accompanied by redness or swelling you can use over-the-counter painkillers or anti-inflammatory cream. You can also try visiting your local Dental Clinic to see if you can catch the infection early on with an oral antibiotic.

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