The Different Types of Mental Health Disorders
Mental health, described by the World Health Organization as an optimal state of mental well-being where the patient recognizes his or herself as capable of coping with the demands of daily life, is a key to happiness and success in life.
It involves the ability to concentrate, attention and persistence to the goals set. It also includes a positive outlook in life and the ability to relax and be tolerant of others and circumstances.
It also includes social support from family and friends and a sense of accomplishment and responsibility. Mental health refers to the ability to identify, control, manage and eventually enjoy these benefits.
Diagnosis of mental health disorders can be difficult and confusing, especially in children
Children will often show no outward signs of illness but may instead appear healthy. If your child does experience a mental disorder, there are a number of mental health professionals who can help them.
Children will be placed in a specialty ward or admitted to the Children’s Hospital, which is a specialized mental health unit for children. Once in this hospital, they will be treated by a team of specialists including
- Social workers
The diagnosis of a mental health disorder in a child can also begin with a simple physical exam, followed by a full evaluation by a psychiatrist or psychologist. In most cases, you will have to go through a full physical examination before a diagnosis can be made.
These exams include testing for: eye function, hearing and vision impairment, head size and shape, body mass index, and metabolic rate. Psychological tests include
- Attention span
- Personality disorder severity
You may also be required to undergo several interviews with therapists in various parts of your life to fully understand how your mental health disorder affects your functioning.
Although diagnoses of mental health disorders in children are almost always uncertain
It is helpful to have at least one adult in your life who can recognize when your child is displaying warning signs. Children are sometimes able to play out their disorder without showing obvious signs.
As adults, however, we have a responsibility to recognize these symptoms and begin to treat them if necessary. Your mental health professional can explain the various options available to you for treatment.
The first step to take towards achieving mental health is through early diagnosis. A mental health professional should be involved in your life from the beginning, while you are still young, so that you can deal with any difficulties or changes that may occur along the way.
Early identification of any signs of mental illness in a person helps them to cope better and may stop the onset of a more serious illness. A wide array of mental disorders exists, but some of the most common include
- Bipolar disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Depression is a major indicator of poor mental health
As people with this condition tend to have low energy levels, a negative attitude, feelings of hopelessness and helplessness, decreased interest in things they once loved, fatigue, sleep problems, and increased thoughts about death and suicide.
Psychologists call this a vicious cycle. People with depression tend to be less successful at work and also at home because they are unable to cope with daily demands.
These symptoms interfere with everyday life, and many times they lead to further psychological disorders, such as bipolar disorder and eating disorders.
It is important for people with depression to recognize the signs of depression and seek help if necessary. If left untreated, depression can lead to serious mood disorders such as psychosis, bipolar disorder, and eating disorders.
According to research, those with a family history of mental health problems are at higher risk of developing similar conditions. People with family members who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are more likely to develop these conditions as well.
People with a family history of mental health problems, especially depression, are more likely to have substance use disorders. Substance use disorders are more prevalent in people with family histories.
One study found that the physical health of those who had mental disorders were linked to their biological factors. Those with physical health problems were more likely to have a family member with mental health problems.
Researchers believe that biological factors, which include genetics, determine how susceptible a person is to developing mental disorders. In addition, environmental factors, such as negative environmental factors, could also play a role in whether or not someone develops mental health disorders.
Another common cause of mental health disorder for adults is trauma
People who have been victims of violence in their families are more likely to develop PTSD or post-traumatic stress disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder can be one of the most difficult mental health disorders to treat because patients often feel that they are making changes to their lives to accommodate the traumatic event.
For some people, PTSD can also be the result of too little sleep, which can make it nearly impossible for them to function properly in everyday situations. According to studies, many people who experience PTSD feel that they have been unable to recover because of their constant state of vigilance.
According to mental health experts, there are some warning signs that can signal the onset of a mental illness. People who experience constant and exaggerated worry and fear about specific instances in their lives, such as death, traffic accidents, or home theft can be considered at high risk of developing PTSD.
However, many people who experience these symptoms do not immediately seek treatment. As a result, their PTSD may go untreated and eventually lead to other more serious mental illnesses.
It is important that we learn as much as possible about mental disorders in order to take the necessary precautions in dealing with them. Today, it is easier than ever before to get help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists accept appointments online in order to reduce the stigma associated with seeing a doctor face to face.
Even regular doctors who take care of their own family members can arrange to meet with patients on a weekly basis in order to discuss everything from diet and exercise to vaccinations and ongoing wellness. If you or someone you know is exhibiting any of the mental health signs listed above, it is imperative that you seek treatment immediately.
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