Septic arthritis is a condition in which the body’s immune system overreacts to the presence of harmful bacteria in the blood. Septic arthritis is a type of rheumatoid arthritis, which is caused by a build-up of cartilage between two bones in the body. Septic arthritis is most common in children, but it can also occur in older adults and even in people of other ages.
Septic arthritis occurs most often in adolescents and young adults, but it can also develop in adults that are middle-aged and older. The condition usually begins in childhood and worsens with age. Septic arthritis can be chronic or intermittent, with flare-ups occurring periodically. Septic arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system overreacts to bacteria that are found in the child’s joints. Bacteria from the environment also can cause Septic arthritis
Septic arthritis can have serious implications for a child, as it can cause
- Impaired mobility, and
- in extreme cases, amputation
In children, septic arthritis can start with mild inflammation, which will eventually lead to the degeneration of joint cartilage. If the cartilage degenerates, it is no longer able to effectively cushion the bones in the joints, causing severe pressure on the bones. The bones may then rupture, leading to a bone spur or Bone Fractures in Ibn addition to pain, children who suffer from septic arthritis often suffer from
- Vomiting, and
If septic arthritis is left untreated, the child may even develop sepsis. Sepsis occurs when an individual develops an infection from their infected blood, lungs, or blood cells.
The condition of septic arthritis generally does not go away on its own
It usually requires medical attention, including the use of drugs that help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Medications that work best to treat septic arthritis are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen. There are also glucocorticoids, which act to reduce inflammation, increase flexibility and strength of the cartilage, and reduce joint swelling.
There are several treatment options available for septic arthritis
These medications can be taken orally, injected into joint joints, or applied directly to the affected area. A topical anaesthetic can also be used to help numb the affected area, preventing pain and inflammation. This is often recommended after surgery or an operation to treat arthritis in the knees or hips.
Steroid injection therapy can be used to prevent osteoporosis. Steroid therapy is typically used in conjunction with other treatments in order to provide relief from arthritis symptoms and improve mobility.
Corticosteroids is a class of anti-inflammatory medications, are used to help reduce inflammation and help to keep the bone tissues in place. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are also sometimes used to control arthritis symptoms and reduce pain and inflammation.
Corticosteroids may be prescribed in addition to corticosteroid therapy
If none of these medications provides long-term relief for arthritis, then surgery may be necessary, or a surgical procedure may be recommended. Surgery that involves the replacement of the bone tissue around the affected joint may be necessary if bone spurs have formed. For those that suffer from severe arthritis, dialysis or radiation therapy may be considered.
Steroid injections, or surgery, are the most common treatment for this condition. Steroid therapy is administered through the injection into the affected joint. The procedure can be done over a period of several months to several years, depending on the severity of arthritis, as well as the extent of the spasms in the joints. Read: What happens to children with septic arthritis who take corticosteroids in addition to antibiotics?
The procedure itself is painless and typically results in complete resolution of the symptoms of the disease, but there are instances where steroid therapy is necessary for several weeks or months before the bones are completely restored to their normal state.
If steroid therapy is needed for longer periods of time, the individual will need extra care and the medications will have to be continued throughout the recovery period. Steroid injections are usually not used in cases where the symptoms of the disease are not becoming worse.
Over the course of one year, the number of injections that are given should be reduced by an average of one to two per cent, based on the severity of arthritis. As the body heals, the doses will need to be reduced again.
As arthritis in the bones increases, the amount of the injections will have to be increased. As new bone starts to form, the dosage will need to be reduced. After one year, the doctor will have to repeat the procedure to achieve the same results.
Steroid therapy is an effective form of treatment for septic arthritis. It has been approved by the FDA and is now considered a first-line treatment for this condition. With careful management, it can be a very effective method of treating this painful condition.
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