With the ravaging of the pandemic virus (COVID-19), the world, there is tension, fear and a lot of instructions around the net, yet it keeps affecting more people on a daily basis. Throughout history, there have been a number of pandemics of diseases such as smallpox and tuberculosis.
Current pandemics include HIV/AIDS and the 2019 coronavirus disease, which was declared a pandemic on 11 March 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO) (Wikipedia, 2020). COVID-19 was declared a pandemic virus by the WHO on 11 March 2020. This is due to the nature of the COVID-19.
The pandemic virus (COVID-19) is one of the members of the Corona Virus family. As defined by the World Health Organization, Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. They are known to cause various problems, especially in humans.
One of the problems is a respiratory infection. COVID-19 gained more grounds when it became deadly by affecting several humans and causing respiratory infections which ranged from the common cold to more severe diseases such as the Middle East
Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) as noted by the WHO (2020). Recently everyone has been talking about this epidemic virus. This is due to the fact that it has affected a lot of people. As at today, the statistics show it has gotten up to 690,000 persons infected with about 33,000 people dead from the epidemic and about 150,000 fully recovered from the epidemic.
The virus is said to have stemmed from Wuhan in China. One of the possible causes of the pandemic virus (COVID-19) has been due to the fact that most Chinese people eat raw animals and as a result of which the virus surfaced, hence it is spread. Though it is sanding especially when you or your loved ones contact the virus.
What’s more saddening is the fact that the daily lives of people are put on a compulsory hold due to the various governments of the world trying to prevent the spread by various means. Though it is a good thing for some, while for others, it is a major problem.
That said let’s see some things we should know about the pandemic virus (COVID-19)
Pandemic Virus (COVID-19) Symptoms
The WHO on her website gave the most common symptoms of Pandemic Virus (COVID-19) to be fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell (WHO, 2020) it all depends on the immune system of the infected person.
Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who get Pandemic Virus (COVID-19) becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness (WHO, 2020). This certainly means there is more to it than meet the eyes. So why all this panic?
This brings us to the issue of fear
Fear is used to control most people due to the fact that when people are scared they try to do things which would put them in safer conditions. Thus, fear, as described by Wikipedia, is an emotion induced by perceived danger or threat, which causes physiological changes and ultimately behavioural changes, such as fleeing, hiding, or freezing from perceived traumatic events.
Everyone fears and that’s why government over the years has used fear to commandeer respect in government by creating an atmosphere of fear in order to get the trust of the masses. Fear in human beings may occur in response to a certain stimulus occurring in the present, or in anticipation or expectation of a future threat perceived as a risk to oneself.
This fear response arises from the perception of danger leading to a confrontation with or escapes from/avoiding the threat (also known as the fight-or-flight response), which in extreme cases of fear (horror and terror) can be a freeze response or paralysis. In humans and animals, fear is modulated by the process of cognition and learning. Thus fear is judged as rational or appropriate and irrational or inappropriate. Irrational fear is called a phobia.
Fear is closely related to the emotion anxiety, which occurs as the result of threats that are perceived to be uncontrollable or unavoidable. The global pandemic virus (COVID-19) has been successfully planted in the minds of people through Fear. Hence fear has successfully captured the minds of people hence they panic and even in that state of panic some people end up contracting the virus.
The Fear of the unknown has made a lot of people do silly things, for instance in the time of Ebola in 2014, the fear of contracting Ebola made a lot of people do some crazy things which ended up destroying them, same applies to this pandemic virus (COVID-19). This type of fear is also called irrational fear and it is caused by negative thinking (worry) which arises from anxiety accompanied by a subjective sense of apprehension or dread.
How does this Pandemic Virus (COVID-19) spread
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), people can catch the pandemic virus (COVID-19) from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with the pandemic virus (COVID-19) coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person.
Other people then catch the pandemic virus (COVID-19) by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch the pandemic virus (COVID-19) if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
Also when someone who has the pandemic virus (COVID-19) unknown to them fails to take the precautionary measures and they get to hold on any surface with the infected hands without washing or using the necessary hand sanitizers, they spread the germs to such surfaces, this can include money, phone, clothes, leather surfaces, metal surfaces etc.
The pandemic virus (COVID-19) has some level of incubation period on these surfaces, hence the disease transfers from one point to the other, this is why we are asked to always take precautionary measures always.
Do People Need to be Worry about the Pandemic Virus (COVID-19)
The WHO stated that Illness due to COVID-19 infection is generally mild, especially for children and young adults. However, it can cause serious illness: about 1 in every 5 people who catch it need hospital care. It is therefore quite normal for people to worry about how the pandemic virus (COVID-19) outbreak will affect them and their loved ones.
We can channel our concerns into actions to protect ourselves, our loved ones and our communities. First and foremost among these actions is regular and thorough hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene. Secondly, keep informed and follow the advice of the local health authorities including any restrictions put in place on travel, movement and gatherings
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