Primary Treatment For Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes insipidus occurs when the normally working kidneys fail to transport a normally increasing amount of liquid from the bloodstream back to the urinary system. This condition is medically termed as diabetes insipidus. In normal individuals, the kidneys normally process about one to two quarts of water per day.
But for those individuals who have diabetes insipidus, the normal flow of the kidneys is interrupted and the water they transport does not mix with the extra water from the body produces in order to eliminate toxins.
The body is able to metabolize excess fluid from the bloodstream without experiencing symptoms of diabetes mellitus or diabetes. However, when the kidneys fail to process and transport more water, these substances eventually find their way into the different compartments of the body, resulting in symptoms such as
- Frequent urination
- Severe thirst
- Dry mouth and
- Chapped lips
In some cases, patients with diabetes insipidus may also suffer from frequent urination and blood glucose levels that are higher than normal. These signs and symptoms usually worsen in individuals who already have diabetes mellitus.
When left untreated, these individuals can also experience the development of ketoacidosis – a dangerous situation that could result in life-threatening circumstances. Therefore, it is important to prevent and treat the occurrence of diabetes insipidus as early as possible.
The first step that health care providers take in treating diabetes insipidus involves
Taking measures to prevent further complications from occurring. These measures involve taking care of personal hygiene, including the regular use of a deodorant and soap.
Individuals with gestational diabetes insipidus may also need to consider taking a diet that is low in protein and calories. Such a diet should include foods rich in
- Whole grains,
- Low-fat dairy products
Such a diet is especially important for pregnant women who may be at risk for developing gestational diabetes insipidus during pregnancy.
Once a health care provider diagnoses diabetes insipidus, he or she will most likely provide treatment for the patient in combination with lifestyle changes.
The goal of treatment is to help patients control their blood sugar levels so that they do not develop the condition again. In many cases, treatment will include both lifestyle changes and medication.
Although medications are often the first option for treating this condition, it is important to remember that lifestyle changes are just as effective. In order for a health care provider to properly diagnose gestational diabetes insipidus, he or she will most likely ask for a urine test, which can indicate levels of gestational diabetes insipidus.
When testing reveals that the urine contains a higher than normal amount of glucose, the health care provider will most likely prescribe vasopressin
Commonly known as vasopressin or POEP, this medication helps control excessive amounts of glucose in the body by reducing the stimulation of the pancreas. Although it is taken by mouth, this medication should not be confused with diabetes medication such as insulin, which is used to control blood glucose levels and is usually prescribed for long-term use.
In addition to lifestyle changes, a health care provider will probably recommend the patient to undergo an exercise program. Patients with diabetes are at high risk for developing heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke.
Exercise can help to reduce these risks and is essential for overall physical health. If a health care provider diagnoses diabetes insipidus, it is likely that exercise will also be recommended to the patient for short-term use.
If a health care provider detects that a patient has diabetes insipidus, they most likely will recommend that the patient undergo surgery to remove the abnormal tissue.
Occasionally, an operation may also be recommended to remove some of the excessive fluid that tends to accumulate in the body. Depending on what type of surgery is recommended, it could take several days or weeks for the patient to leave the hospital and return to normal activities.
As with any surgical procedure, complications can occur, including infection, bleeding, and abscess formation. In some rare cases, chronic complications can result from diabetes insipidus treated in this manner.
In addition to surgery and exercise, a health care provider may also recommend that someone with diabetes insipidus treated for frequent urination look into the possibility of having a substance abuse problem.
This is because alcohol abuse has been linked to problems relating to frequent urination, which in turn tend to lead to dehydration. In rare cases, alcohol may also cause diabetes insipidus to progress. A thorough evaluation of a patient’s lifestyle and medical history is highly recommended before treatment for diabetes insipidus begins.
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