The sudden death of young individuals is extremely rare, but these at-risk individuals can take steps to reduce their risks. Learn about the main causes, risk factors and treatments available. Read on for additional information. Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death for men and women over the age of twenty.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a death that occurs within 6 to 24 hours of the onset of symptoms in a seemingly healthy person. Series of stories have been told of people who suddenly collapsed in office, in the traffic while driving, during the feast of anger, excitement, or sudden bad news. The onset of the symptom is sudden and death occurs within a few hours
A heart attack is also a common reason for sudden death and cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death among middle-aged adults over sixty-five years old. Coronary heart disease occurs when arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed.
When blood flow is interrupted, the heart can’t pump blood to all the vital organs as it is supposed to, including the brain and the rest of the body. Coronary artery disease occurs due to a number of factors, including excessive weight gain and unhealthy lifestyle habits, smoking, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, poor diet and inadequate physical activity.
Causes of Sudden Death (Sudden Cardiac Arrest)
Sudden death is caused by many factors, including smoking, alcohol, hypertension and obesity, among others. The symptoms of heart disease can mimic a cardiac event. The major causes of sudden cardiac arrest are
- Hypertensive heart disease
- Cerebrospinal accident (also known as stroke)
- High Cholesterol
About 75% of sudden death are attributed to these two. Other minor causes include Acute Asthmatic attack, a sudden attack of epilepsy and ectopic pregnancy in women of childbearing age leading to internal bleeding.
Hypertension and Hypertensive Heart Disease
Hypertension is an increase in blood pressure above the normal limit. A normal person has an average blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg. This varies slightly through the day and amongst different individuals. A blood pressure of about 140/90 mmHg and above is regarded as high blood pressure.
High blood pressure arises from an increase in the pumping of blood by the heart and resistance in the vessels from constriction, narrowing and hardening. The blood pressure increases gradually with age and particularly from the age of 40 years.
Hypertensive heart disease is when the rise in blood pressure starts affecting the functions of the heart adversely. An increase in the blood pressure leads to an increase in the demand on the heart to pump blood against this resistance. This leads to thickening of the heart muscles and it leads to heart failure where the heart becomes unable to pump blood effectively which the end result is normally sudden cardiac arrest.
Stroke or Cerebrospinal Accident
This occurs when there is either a reduction in the supply of blood to certain parts of the brain due to narrowing of the vessels or when a vessel bursts from too much pressure, leading to bleeding into the brain tissue and in most cases, this is due to hypertension.
The loss of blood supply leads to the death of the brain cells. The brain controls the different functions of the body and the death of brain cells to paralysis or weakening and loss of function of the parts of the body controlled by the dead cells.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertension to avoid Sudden Death (Cardiac Arrest)
The first thing someone should do if they suspect they might have an attack is to get checked out by their physician, who may be able to spot a pre-existing condition that could lead to a heart attack or stroke.
In fact, many of the same problems that may cause heart disease can also cause sudden death. Smoking is a major cause of heart disease and should be quit for the good of your heart health. Hypertension as earlier mentioned may not present with any signs or symptoms.
The only thanks to detecting hypertension are to possess the pressure checked by a trained and qualified medical expert. Once the vital sign is detected to be high on over two times, the person is going to be commenced on anti-hypertensive drugs which sometimes one may deem the remainder of one’s life.
Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Regular monitoring of the vital sign is of utmost importance, particularly from the age of 40 and above. It is frightening to notice that hypertension is being detected at earlier ages around 30 and 40 years. Blood pressure is often increased or decreased in response to a stressful situation.
It can also raise or lower the heart’s ability to pump blood. If you already have high blood pressure, be sure to check with your doctor before trying any new medications or lifestyle changes. Exercise is a good way to keep your heart healthy and strong.
You don’t necessarily need to do an intense workout every day to maintain your health, and even some moderate activities such as brisk walking and stretching can help to keep your heart healthy. Try to find a routine that works well for you and stick to it.
Some of the most common diseases that cause sudden death include heart disease, cardiovasculitis, multiple myeloma (bone cancer and leukaemia. These conditions generally appear in people who have weak or damaged heart muscles and cannot produce enough blood to the body’s cells.
There are other diseases that may also cause sudden death, such as lung disease, heart disease, and circulatory conditions. There are some simple things that you can do to improve your chances of avoiding sudden death from cardiovascular disease.
Your doctor may prescribe medication, such as aspirin or nitroglycerin, to increase the blood flow to the heart. If your doctor suggests that you take drugs, you should be aware of the possible side effects and consult your doctor if any of these medications cause any unwanted side effects.
Some drugs can reduce blood clotting, which can be particularly dangerous if the clot forms a clot near your heart. Make sure to tell your doctor about any medications you are taking, especially if you are going on a long-term medication regimen.
People with severe heart disease and those who are at risk of a heart attack should consider getting screened regularly for high cholesterol levels. It is best to take two tests to determine whether you should be screened for this condition.
While taking medications can help slow your condition, it is important that you avoid smoking if you already have heart disease. Smokers are more likely to die from heart disease than non-smokers. Smoking can lower the quality of your life because of the negative impact it has on your heart. Smoking can also increase your risk of having a stroke or a heart attack.
If you are at risk for heart disease or other health problems, talk to your doctor about getting screenings regularly. They will be able to help you develop a treatment plan to maintain your heart health and prevent sudden death from cardiovascular disease.
Avoidance of the predisposing factors could be an important step within the prevention of hypertension, hypertensive heart diseases, and stroke. A drastic reduction in salt intake, particularly from the age of forty helps to hamper the onset of hypertension. A diet low in fat and a reduction in alcohol intake, abstinence from smoking and regular exercise are important.
All kinds of stress and lack of sleep should be minimised. After the age of 40, it’s advisable to generally weigh down on all the activities. Once this is done, you have overcome the mid-age crisis, and you will be able to live longer and avoid any sudden cardiac arrest.
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