Periodontitis (Gum Disease) Prevention and Treatment
Periodontitis is an extremely painful gum disease which can result in tooth loss and other more serious health consequences. Periodontitis is essentially the same disease like gum disease. Periodontitis does not cause tooth loss but it can and does cause serious damage to your tooth structure. In the early stages of gum disease, all you may notice are tiny cracks in the enamel around your teeth or gums.
These cracks caused by bacteria that are living in your mouth will heal themselves over time. The problem occurs when bacteria multiply in number and start to build upon the enamel and the tooth itself. When this happens, bacteria become resistant to antibiotics and can continue to multiply, thus causing further damage to your teeth and gums.
General view about Periodontal disease
In general, Periodontal disease occurs when bacteria begin to grow more rapidly than normal on the teeth, thus causing inflammation and eventually leading to inflammation and infection. This infection can also spread from one tooth to another in the jaw area and cause further damage.
Although the exact reason for periodontal disease is still unknown, there are a number of theories. Some researchers believe that it may be related to poor oral hygiene, while others attribute it to unhealthy diet and insufficient brushing of the teeth and gums.
Periodontal disease Symptoms
Still others blame it on bad oral hygiene practices including toothbrushing too often with hard floss. A person who suffers from periodontal disease will experience
- Swollen gums
- As well as bleeding
- Inflammation. This can become quite painful in some cases.
The most common symptoms of gum disease include
- Pain while chewing
- Difficulty in chewing
- Tooth sensitivity
- Yellowish colour to the teeth and
- General soreness in the jaw.
- It is important to remember that periodontal disease is not the same thing as periodontal cystitis.
Periodontal cystitis is much more serious and can cause the formation of cysts, which can sometimes even be fatal. It can also cause jaw ulcers, bone loss and abscesses. The development of an abscess in the mouth can often spread to nearby tissues like the bladder and heart. If not treated, periodontal disease can also spread to the bones of the skull and the brain and lead to stroke and even death.
Fortunately, there are several ways to prevent periodontal disease. Avoiding habits which could irritate your gums and teeth is one way to fight against gum disease. Eating a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables, brushing your teeth frequently, regular flossing and taking care of your gums are all very important things to do to keep your oral health in check.
You can also try natural products such as probiotics to help with any bacterial infections
Periodontal treatment should be carried out by a dentist and should be done properly to avoid causing further damage. Some treatments can be done at home using a toothbrush and toothpaste. Brushing your teeth daily is also recommended, but this will only work for mild forms of periodontitis. In severe cases, you may have to visit the dentist for root canal treatment.
Although there is no single treatment for periodontitis, the dentist should be able to determine which type of treatment will suit your needs best, taking into consideration your gums’ health, gums’ immunity and the number of bacteria left in them. Oral antibiotics can be prescribed for patients suffering from severe forms of periodontitis.
There are also antibiotics available that fight off periodontal bacteria and help to prevent gum inflammation and infection. If periodontal bacteria is left unchecked, this can cause tooth decay and abscesses. Antibiotics are also commonly prescribed to stop gum disease before it reaches advanced stages.
Periodontal bacteria are always present in the mouth and most people can’t tell you its presence by sight. They’re small, white or brown and have a foul odour. If you notice a change in your gums or teeth, you should get in to see your dentist as soon as possible to avoid possible infection from progressing to a more serious condition.
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