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Multiple Myeloma (Plasma Cell Cancer) Important Information

Multiple myeloma has a very long survival rate and the cure has come closer than ever before. Multiple myelomas are a rare blood cancer that develops with at least one or more abnormalities to the DNA of just one stem cell within the bone marrow of the body.

In multiple myelomas, an injury to an Fc receptor’s DNA produces an abnormal alteration that leads to the eventual transformation of a healthy, normal blood cell into a malignant cell. Multiple myelomas are usually caused by exposure to asbestos.

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that is found in building materials and as a result, many people have developed asbestos-related lung diseases such as pleural plaques, which causes fluid accumulation in the lungs and eventually causes them to rupture.

Multiple myelomas are a result of asbestos exposure but the exact mechanism that causes this is not clear

The condition has been linked to increased levels of chromosome aberration and altered chromosome structure, which are both associated with certain genetic conditions. Multiple myelomas are diagnosed primarily through an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan.

Multiple Myeloma

The MRI scan identifies a cluster of abnormal growths on the bone marrow or bone surface, often in the spinal cord, brain or spinal cord. These growths are called myomas. Myomas can develop into a tumor or other complications such as cancer. In multiple myelomas, the myomas may become cancerous if they are not treated on time.

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Multiple myelomas are diagnosed based on their location and size

There are different methods of evaluating multiple myelomas and different ways to diagnose this disease. Some types of myelomas can be identified by examining a bone biopsy. This method is used to identify a growth that does not belong to the bone or that has grown on the bone but is not part of it. Another type of myelomas can be diagnosed through a tissue biopsy.

A tissue biopsy is done when a small sample of the cancerous myeloma cell is obtained through a needle biopsy. This type of biopsy is used in order to confirm the presence of myelomas. This type of biopsy is usually performed with an aspiration technique and can provide a positive confirmation that there are myelomas within the tissues of the bone.

Other tests that are used include a bone marrow test, a CT scan, or a PET scan. {radiography, and X-ray diffraction scan. Multiple myelomas can be diagnosed using a variety of imaging techniques. Many imaging tests are used in combination with clinical diagnosis of multiple myelomas.

CT scans and MRIs can identify myelomas that are not obvious in appearance. X-rays can reveal abnormal growths in the bone marrow and the bone

Bone marrow biopsy has become more widely accepted today. If multiple myelomas grow in areas that are not visible to the naked eye, the growths in bone marrow can also be detected with an X-ray. A bone marrow biopsy may also reveal a number of other conditions as well.

A CT scan, which shows the growths in different parts of the body, is also an important test for myelomas. Treatment of multiple myelomas is based on a diagnosis made by a physician, based on clinical evaluation. Treatment options include surgery or radiation and/or chemotherapy.

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Multiple myeloma can be treated using various combinations of therapies. Surgery is one of the most effective treatments for multiple myeloma. The treatment can be a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. Surgical procedures that are used for myeloma include:

  • Mastectomy
  • Excision
  • Lymph node dissection and
  • Lymph node removal, or
  • Radiation therapy.

Chemotherapy is also used as a treatment option for myeloma. This type of therapy is usually given in combination with surgery and radiation therapy. The duration of these two therapy options for myeloma will depend on the stage of the disease and the severity of the symptoms.

Treatment options include continuous medication, photodynamic therapy, immunotherapy, intravenous or intrathecal radiation therapy and gene therapy. A number of different drugs can also be used as adjunctive therapies in combination with other treatments.

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