Kidney disease is a disease that affects the urinary tract and kidneys of your body. Kidney disease may affect your kidneys’ ability to filter water from your urine, filter excess fluids in your urine, and control your urinary pressure.
It may also affect vitamin D metabolism and red blood cell production needed for strong bone health. Kidney disease starts as an injury to the kidneys. It is caused by trauma to the kidneys or any injury to your bloodstream.
This type of injury may be due to any type of illness such as heart disease, infection, radiation therapy, or even surgery. The injury may cause permanent damage to the kidneys or can cause mild injury to your kidneys and bloodstream.
Kidney disease may include renal failure
The failure of the kidneys is caused by damage to the blood vessels surrounding the kidneys, which causes the flow of blood to stop. As a result, you may suffer from extreme dehydration. Acute renal failure is the condition when the kidneys stop functioning unexpectedly.
Doctors sometimes refer to it as an acute renal failure in adults. It may occur over just minutes or over weeks. The kidneys usually go on working normally after you are diagnosed with ARRF. However, if you do not receive adequate treatment immediately and even if you do get proper treatment early your kidneys may go into shock.
The kidneys are filters that remove toxins from the blood and use them to make urine. When they stop functioning properly, the kidneys stop producing the right amount of urine, and waste products accumulate in the body.
The kidneys will not produce enough urine to balance the urine of the patient if the kidneys are not functioning properly. Kidney disease is caused by a variety of factors, including age, obesity, kidney disease, and kidney infections. Obesity leads to kidney diseases because the weight puts a lot of pressure on the kidneys.
A kidney disease, such as chronic kidney disease or kidney cancer, causes the kidney to work less efficiently. And an infection in the kidney can cause temporary kidney damage if bacteria are allowed to build up and create scar tissue.
The symptoms of kidney disease usually include
- Pain in the lower right side of the abdomen
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
- Increased urination
- Blood in urine
- Abdominal pain
- Night sweats
- Severe pain
Patients who suffer from kidney infections will typically experience
- Vomiting blood
In rare cases, patients may also experience changes in their vision or hearing. If your symptoms do not improve, they should be evaluated by a physician. It is a good idea to have your kidneys tested every few years as early symptoms are very common.
In some cases, patients will notice a yellowish coating in the urine, which will turn dark red in colour when urinating. Some patients also notice abdominal pain and pressure when they urinate. Because kidney disease is usually the result of a disease or infection in the kidneys, it usually requires treatment to fully recover from kidney disease.
Kidney disease is classified into four categories
Acute kidney disease occurs in the early stages of disease when the symptoms are still apparent. Subacute and chronic kidney disease occurs later on when the damage is extensive, and the disease may have progressed.
Kidney diseases are usually diagnosed through a series of tests including a blood test for creatinine and a urine test for ammonia. Your doctor may perform an ultrasound to look for abnormal structures in the kidneys.
A CT scan may be performed to determine the size and shape of the kidneys and its position within the kidney. X-rays may be performed if the kidneys are enlarged, or if the kidneys have masses or fluid in them.
There is no single best cure for kidney disease
But there are common treatment options that help the disease progress. The most common treatment options are
- Surgical removal of the kidney
- Surgery for the kidney itself
Dialysis helps to remove the toxins and wastes that build up in the kidneys and help to increase the flow of urine. Surgery removes the kidneys themselves, to allow more room for the kidneys to function properly and increases its functionality.
Medications may also be used to help control the inflammation of the kidneys and keep the kidneys healthy. Kidney stones can also be treated through surgery, especially in the case of an advanced stage of the disease.
However, if the kidney has already failed it can be removed surgically to prevent further damage to the kidneys. Other treatments may also be used in the treatment of some cases to reduce the risk of further damage to the kidneys, especially those involving high levels of protein in the urine.
There are some types of treatments that are aimed at increasing the amount of calcium in the urine, to reduce the risk of kidney infections and to help prevent other kidney diseases and damage. Most of the time, a combination of these medications is used to treat and prevent kidney disease.
Kidney disease can also affect the
- Blood vessels in the body
A person with kidney disease will often notice that their breath is not as fresh as it once was and that their symptoms do not respond well to normal treatments. Heart problems, blood clots and increased blood pressure can all occur if the kidney fails.
This is why it is important to get checked out when symptoms first start to occur so that your doctor can make a diagnosis and begin to treat it before it gets out of hand. Kidney diseases tend to run in families, although research has shown that genetic markers do not play a significant role in determining whether your child will develop kidney disease.
The risk factors for developing kidney disease are being obese or having a family history of kidney failure. When you take the time to learn more about kidney disease and what you can do to prevent this condition, your family will be a lot less likely to pass the disease on to you.
Kidney disease is a serious matter, but you don’t have to worry about what it means to you. With all the treatment options available, there is hope for the future and a better chance for you to live a longer, healthier life.
There are many options available for kidney treatment
The first step in treatment is to determine what the cause of the problem is. If there is a disease, doctors will probably need to run tests to confirm the diagnosis. A patient can get dialysis to help improve the flow of urine and the quality of blood in the system.
If there is a kidney infection, doctors can prescribe antibiotics to kill off any bacteria that has become resistant to prescription treatments. If a person has a disease or an infection, he or she will be given a medicine that will reduce the pressure in the body.
This medicine is known as diuretics. They work by helping the kidneys eliminate the water that is stored in the body. Many of these medicines also work by increasing the volume of urine being produced so that urine can be excreted from the body more easily.
If diuretics are used, kidney problems that are caused by kidney infections often clear up. Sometimes the kidney will need surgery to remove the kidneys and repair damaged tissues. In some cases, the kidneys may have to be removed surgically if they cannot be repaired.
Sometimes a person’s kidneys will not function as well, because they are no longer able to work
Drugs such as warfarin and calcium chloride are given to improve their functioning. Sometimes, they also may need surgery to replace the kidneys. Drugs used to treat diseases can also help patients suffering from renal failure.
For example, beta-blockers work by reducing the heart rate in the body. This slows down blood pressure. They can be used for those suffering from hypertension. Blood thinners such as warfarin and aspirin are also used to treat patients with renal failure.
Renal failure can be life-threatening. Even if the kidneys do not fail completely, the body may not be able to process the waste products properly if the kidneys fail. Although there is no cure for kidney failure, there are steps that patients can take to help reduce the effects of kidney failure. By taking the right treatment, patients can improve their health and lead a normal life.
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