Kidney Abscesses (Renal Abscess) Symptoms
Kidney abscesses are very common to people that have had their first experience with kidney disease. It can be a serious condition and if you have had it then you will know why it is so important to have it treated. But what exactly is a kidney abscess and how does it get formed?
The kidney is an important part of our body as it has many functions. The kidney is responsible for removing waste from the blood, which in turn removes toxins from the body and makes us healthier.
The kidney also filters the blood through urination and makes sure that it is safe to drink. But there are some problems that happen when a kidney becomes infected.
Kidney infection usually occurs when there is some blockage in the urinary tract
This usually occurs when you have had a severe infection in the body. If this happens then the bacteria from the infection start to move through the urinary system and can build up to such large proportions that it causes a blockage.
As this blockage starts to develop, it causes pressure to build up inside the urinary tract. The bacteria start to travel to the bladder causing urine retention.
If the pressure continues to build up and the kidney fails to remove the waste from the blood, the waste material can start to accumulate in the kidney.
When this happens the kidney fails to function properly and starts to make a lot of urine that cannot be flushed out of the body properly. The result is a kidney abscess.
Signs and symptoms of kidney failure may include
- Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal
- Chest pain or pressure
- Shortness of breath
- Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles, or feet
- Irregular heartbeat
- Seizures or coma in severe cases
Abscesses can be very painful and if they are not treated as soon as possible as they can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring and loss of the kidney.
You need to find out if your kidneys are in good health by testing yourself for kidney diseases. If you have had kidney disease before then you will probably have an increased risk of having a kidney abscess.
If you have been diagnosed with a high risk kidney disease, you may not be able to treat your kidneys properly or even at all. If you do not have a high risk kidney disease then you should seek help as soon as possible.
The earlier you can treat a kidney disorder the better the chances are that it will be cured. You should check your kidneys on a regular basis so that you know if they are working properly or not.
If you notice any symptoms then visit your doctor. Your doctor will be able to give you treatment depending on the cause of your symptoms and the size of your kidney.
It is very important that you go to your doctor and check on your kidneys as soon as possible to avoid any further problems. Your doctor will be able to identify the problem and give you the best way to cure it.
If your kidneys do not work well then you should consider surgery or other forms of treatment to remove the kidney or to reduce the size of the kidney so that it is less likely to develop any infections.
If your kidneys are already enlarged and are causing problems then you should treat these as early as possible to prevent any more damage to your kidneys.
Kidney abscesses are caused when the infected fluid from the kidney gets trapped in the urinary tract. If this is left untreated it can cause a blockage and cause pain and possible damage to the ureter and bladder.
If you have a blocked urinary tract then the fluid from the kidney will back up into the ureter and if not removed the ureter can become damaged and cause damage to the bladder.
This can also cause severe damage to the ureter, which causes bleeding and permanent damage to the urinary tract. If you experience any of these symptoms then you should take action immediately.
Conditions that may damage the kidneys and lead to acute kidney failure
- Blood clots in the veins and arteries in and around the kidneys
- Cholesterol deposits that block blood flow in the kidneys
- Glomerulonephritis inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys (glomeruli)
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome, a condition that results from premature destruction of red blood cells
- Toxins, such as alcohol, heavy metals, and cocaine
- Muscle tissue breakdown (rhabdomyolysis) leads to kidney damage caused by toxins from muscle tissue destruction
- Lupus, an immune system disorder causing glomerulonephritis
- Breakdown of tumor cells (tumor lysis syndrome), which leads to the release of toxins that can cause kidney injury
- Medications, such as certain chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, and dyes used during imaging tests
- Scleroderma, a group of rare diseases affecting the skin and connective tissues
- Infection, such as with the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a rare blood disorder
Risk factors of Acute kidney failure
- Being hospitalized, especially for a serious condition that requires intensive care
- Advanced age
- High blood pressure
- Heart failure
- Liver diseases
- Certain cancers and their treatments
- Blockages in the blood vessels in your arms or legs (peripheral artery disease)
- Kidney diseases
Possible complications of acute kidney failure
- Permanent kidney damage. Occasionally, acute kidney failure causes permanent loss of kidney function or end-stage renal disease. People with the end-stage renal disease require either permanent dialysis — a mechanical filtration process used to remove toxins and wastes from the body — or a kidney transplant to survive.
- Fluid buildup. Acute kidney failure may lead to a buildup of fluid in your lungs, which can cause shortness of breath.
- Chest pain. If the lining that covers your heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed, you may experience chest pain.
- Death. Acute kidney failure can lead to loss of kidney function and, ultimately, death.
- Muscle weakness. When your body’s fluids and electrolytes — your body’s blood chemistry — are out of balance, muscle weakness can result. Learn more
There are many factors that cause the kidneys to fail and most of them are due to old age. Most people who are over the age of 50 are at higher risk of developing kidney problems than younger people. If you think that you may have kidney problems then you should talk to your doctor right away.
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