Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a joint condition that affects adolescents and young adults. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis typically involves chronic inflammation of the joints, which is also known as rheumatic arthritis. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis typically develops slowly over time, so it usually manifests itself during middle age or later.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can be associated with numerous other conditions, including diabetes, kidney disease, kidney stones and certain infectious diseases. Juvenile idiopathic rheumatoid arthritis is the second most common form of rheumatic arthritis in children below the age of 18.
Juvenile idiopathic rheumatic arthritis can produce
- Chronic joint pain
- Stiffness and
Some patients may experience consistent symptoms for only several months, while other patients may have symptoms for the remainder of their life. The most common form of juvenile idiopathic rheumatoid is rheumatoid arthritis that results in the swelling of the joints, as well as severe inflammation.
The most common types of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are
- Systemic Lupus erythematosus
- Osteoarthritis and
- Juvenile rheumatic arthritis
Joint pain caused by juvenile idiopathic rheumatic arthritis is also commonly associated with other symptoms, including
- Fatigue and
- Unexplained fever
It is important to note that despite the name, juvenile idiopathic have not been shown to present signs or symptoms that could make it difficult to diagnose correctly. Since juvenile rheumatic arthritis is not considered to be a disorder in its own right, it is considered to be an autoimmune disease rather than a chronic inflammatory disorder.
Although some people may have symptoms of juvenile rheumatic arthritis that point toward another condition, such as Lupus or HIV, other symptoms are not always related to other diseases. Many times, juvenile idiopathic do not have clear reasons for the symptoms. There may be various juvenile rheumatoid arthritis causes that could explain the symptoms, but it is not known exactly what causes them
Juvenile rheumatoid are thought to be more common in African-American teenagers and women and may increase after adolescence. Children with a family history of rheumatic disease and individuals with inherited diseases such as sickle-cell anaemia or Crohn’s disease may have a higher risk of developing juvenile idiopathic.
In addition, people who have had surgery, especially in the hip, knee, shoulder and neck areas of the back, are at a higher risk of developing rheumatic arthritis. Medical professionals believe that the condition can be managed and controlled with medication and lifestyle changes.
It has been found that some cases can be managed by simply avoiding strenuous activity and limiting stress. Certain dietary changes, including a reduction in alcohol consumption, and increasing vitamin D levels in the diet may help reduce the risk of developing the condition.
Treatment for juvenile rheumatic arthritis involves
A combination of medications that are often taken orally, either in tablet or liquid forms or in some instances injected intravenously. Depending on the type of treatment, it may also include a combination of physiotherapy and physical therapy.
In children, anti-rheumatic drugs, particularly corticosteroids, are used to treat the inflamed joints and reduce pain. Corticosteroids help reduce swelling, joint deformity and inflammation. Corticosteroids are also prescribed for use during pregnancy, in order to prevent or reduce the risk of birth defects.
Glucocorticoids are used to help control arthritis. They are used more commonly for treating inflamed joints and have been shown to help reduce symptoms of arthritis. The effects of glucocorticoids are not permanent but should be used to reduce the symptoms of arthritis.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often used as an alternative to steroids for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. NSAIDs work to reduce swelling, reduce inflammation and help decrease pain and inflammation.
If you suspect you have juvenile rheumatoid arthritis then
It is best to discuss your condition with your doctor. It is important to know whether there are any medical conditions that could be causing the symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, in addition to the symptoms of adult rheumatoid arthritis. These medications can vary in effectiveness and side effects can vary based on the cause of the condition.
When you suspect you have Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, the best you can do is to consult your pediatric rheumatologist, a doctor who specializes in caring for children with arthritis and other joint problems. If there is no one in your area, you can work with your child’s paediatrician and a rheumatologist.
The rheumatologist will recommend a treatment plan to ease swelling, maintain full movement in the affected joints, relieve pain, and identify, treat, and prevent complications. Most children with JRA need medication and physical therapy to reach these goals.
The Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Medications Include
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs)
Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
Physical Therapy and much more
There are some alternative supplements or complementary approaches for Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, such as acupuncture, may help a child handle some of the stress of living with an ongoing illness. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) considers acupuncture an acceptable additional treatment for arthritis.
Studies show it eases pain, may lower the need for painkillers and can boost flexibility in affected joints. But it doesn’t stop joint damage from getting worse with some forms of Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
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