On the morning of October 8, Thomas Duncan came home from the emergency room at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas to find his wife in labour. He looked for condoms but they were not available, so he carried her to the bathroom. In a few hours, the baby would be born. When they left the hospital, the couple could not believe that the child would be small.
When they got home, they wrapped the little boy in a blue dress and held him until he was healthy enough to arrive for school. After school, the family walked him to his first day of school. They were excited about his new life but also worried about what Ebola would do to him.
The people in this story are all living it. They understand what the scary sickness looks like, it is made up of red and warm sores, it has a fever that can get up to 103 degrees, it feels as if something is very heavy on your chest and face.
The Ebola symptoms can last anywhere from three days to two weeks
The story of the family in Atlanta is not unusual. Almost every person who has come into contact with the virus, whether someone has been in contact with an infected person or not, has a risk of contracting the virus. So, you might think that only those who are medically infected or have had exposure to the virus will contract the virus but this is not the case.
Over 40% of all Ebola cases so far have been among those living in the high-risk areas of Africa and this includes the people who come into contact with the virus, their household members, healthcare workers, and other people living in the community.
Even if an individual stays in a low-risk area, it is still possible that they will contract the virus. Because Ebola is very contagious, even health care workers and community members who are not carrying the virus can be exposed to it.
There is some medical evidence that the virus can be transmitted through contact in the ear with any bodily fluid of an infected person or through clinical documentation of the illness. This is the same way that the virus was transmitted in West Africa.
Despite the fact that Ebola is very contagious nature and spreads quickly
There is no vaccine currently available to prevent transmission. It is not easy to distinguish between person to person transmission through clinical documentation. Once the symptoms of Ebola start, it is difficult to tell the difference and so it is hard to find out if the patient has contracted the virus.
In different cases, there can be some similarities in symptoms between the time when the virus is first diagnosed and the time when symptoms begin to manifest. When one person develops a fever, others might show signs such as
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Sore throat
- Abdominal tenderness
- Muscle pain
- Rash or some combination of these
Medical providers are taught that the best way to deal with Ebola is not to diagnose it until the patient has a fever, which shows that the body is showing signs of illness. It is best to let the community know that they need to avoid contact with patients if possible.
It is very important for healthcare workers and community members to avoid going to an Ebola treatment center if they can help it. If the patient has a fever and is exhibiting other symptoms, it is easier to take the precautions necessary to avoid the person coming into contact with the Ebola virus.
One of the most effective ways to avoid spreading the Ebola disease is to educate healthcare workers about the virus. It is important for healthcare workers to know that they cannot treat anyone who has contracted the virus unless it is clear that the person is showing no symptoms and will not be spreading the disease to others.
The virus can affect both adults and children, including very young children in the hospital, and it is important to make sure that any nurse or healthcare worker who comes into contact with a child, including elderly people, is tested for the virus. The important thing is that these people can get treatment when they do contract the disease.
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