Cardiothoracic Surgery is the medical term applied to surgery that involves surgical intervention of the cardiovascular organs in the thorax (the upper part of the body) with the aim of treating conditions of the lungs and heart.
The main aim of this type of surgery is to correct cardiac diseases and correct abnormalities that can lead to heart attack and stroke. Cardiac conditions that are treated by Cardiothoracic are
- Coronary heart disease (CHD)
- Pulmonary embolism
- Heart valve diseases
- Myocardial infarction
This type of surgery is a medical term used to describe any type of surgical intervention that is performed to treat disorders of the cardiovascular systems.
A major part of Cardiovascular Surgery is the manipulation of the coronary arteries by way of an open approach or through incisions and is known as a coronary artery bypass grafting or angioplasty.
Other areas that are commonly treated through Cardiology Surgery include the
Cardiovascular surgeries performed in this field require a lot of skills and expertise, which makes it a very complex and challenging process, which necessitates a lot of skill and knowledge on the part of the patient.
Unlike any other invasive procedure, the complications associated with Cardiovascular Surgery are also relatively high as compared to other invasive procedures.
Most patients require at least 5 operations and many patients have to undergo up to 10 operations before achieving the best results. There are several complications associated with invasive procedures, which can be extremely detrimental to the survival of the patient. Among these complications are
These complications usually occur during the operation and thus can be caused due to either lack of skill or inadequate training of the surgeon. Most of these complications can be avoided with adequate training and skill, which is why you should always try to seek advice from your doctor before opting for cardiothoracic surgery.
In order to overcome these complications, many cardiologists make use of a number of techniques that are specifically designed to enhance the success rate of cardiothoracic patients who suffer from cardiac disease.
One of these techniques includes using a stent placed in the carotid artery, which is essential in preventing blood clots from forming in the carotid artery that causes sudden death of the patient.
Cardiovascular stents reduce the risk of infections in the heart
This is one of the most effective ways to prevent heart attacks or strokes. Some Cardiovascular Stents is used to maintain a proper blood supply of oxygen to the brain and reduce the risks of stroke. Cardiac stents are also used to improve the circulation of blood through the walls of the arteries.
This improves the flow of blood throughout the body thereby reducing the chances of blood clots from forming in the blood vessels and arteries. It also helps in the reduction of pressure in the chest cavity by keeping the chest cavity from contracting. Cardiac stents also help in the control of blood flow and the elimination of waste products from the body.
Another important technique used to minimize complications in Cardiac Surgery is to control the breathing. This can be done through special techniques such as using a ventricular assist device and pulmonary valve resynchronization.
By using such devices, an interventional technologist will monitor the breathing rates and lung volume as well as the ventricular filling pressures of the patient to make sure the patient’s breathing rates and volumes do not deviate from their normal values. This helps in improving the efficiency of the coronary circulation.
All these complications can be prevented with proper training, skill and knowledge about Cardiac Surgery. The best way to make sure that you are taking appropriate measures to avoid the complications is to consult with a Cardiac Surgeon before undergoing this type of surgery.
You can also try to attend regular cardiac classes offered in your local community to increase your knowledge about this type of surgery. A Cardiac Surgeon will not only guide you in the proper way of performing Cardiac Surgery but also provide you with advice on how to prevent the complications associated with this type of surgery.
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