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Epileptic Encephalopathy (Seizure) in Children

Epileptic encephalopathy is a rare but very serious disorder. It can affect any child, irrespective of his or her age and the condition it has been diagnosed in remains undetermined. The disease can be fatal and can strike at any time, even in a child as young as four or five years old.

This condition occurs due to some rare genetic form of epilepsy called familial epilepsy. This condition is caused by a family history of epilepsy. The onset of this condition usually occurs during childhood and the first seizures occur between the ages of one and twelve years.

Epileptic Encephalopathy in Children

Seizures are caused when neurons in the brain receive signals from the body’s central nervous system. These signals are interpreted by the brain as an abnormal condition. This abnormal condition leads to the transmission of impulses from the brain to the different parts of the body.

Seizures in children are very unpredictable, as there is no single pattern that is followed

  • In certain cases, seizures may last for a few minutes and sometimes they may last for hours
  • Seizures also vary in intensity and can cause death in some rare cases
  • Seizures in children can affect either the left or right side of the body, but this depends on the type of epilepsy it suffers from
  • In a majority of the cases, these seizures are triggered by stress. Some cases may have been caused by a sudden change in environment.
  • Seizures can affect almost any part of the body and can be life-threatening in some rare cases
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Severe seizures can even lead to death if left untreated

Children are the most vulnerable to seizures due to their relatively smaller size. A severe seizure in children can have a devastating effect on the child’s life. The effects of seizures in children are often very damaging to their normal routine life and social interaction.

Such children usually need to undergo constant medical attention. A child with this disorder needs to have regular Electroencephalography (EEG) and blood tests done to rule out any other conditions that might cause the condition.

Children suffering from epilepsy need special care, as they are prone to being very irritable and angry. If you have children who suffer from this condition, you must take care to ensure they do not become aggressive towards others.

Children affected by epilepsy must be treated with care and sensitivity

Seizure in children often happens suddenly and the first sign of a seizure may not be recognized until after the symptoms have gone. If you notice any physical signs of seizure in your child, it is advisable to take him or her to a doctor.

Even though seizures are not life-threatening, a child with epilepsy may not be able to control his or her temper when suffering from seizures. Most seizures in children are caused due to a change in brain activity caused by the transmission of information from the brain to the different parts of the body.

Sometimes the cause of a seizure can be very complicated and this requires the attention of a professional to understand what exactly is causing the problem. Medical treatment is essential to diagnose the exact problem.

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Epilepsy is a hereditary disorder. It is caused due to genetic or hereditary factors and it can affect both males and females. The disease is believed to occur because of a gene which increases the risk of epilepsy.

Seizures in children are sometimes fatal and they can happen at any time, but in less severe cases, it may be treated. Severe cases of epilepsy can cause death if they are not treated. Serious cases of epilepsy cannot be treated with conventional medicines.

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