Epileptic Encephalopathy Preventive Treatment
Epileptic encephalopathy, also known as temporal brain damage or TBI, is the most common form of brain damage that can happen in people with epilepsy. This is because it directly affects the functions of the brain.
The main areas affected are the control center of the nervous system – the brain. In the case of epileptic encephalopathy, the effects of seizures happen in those parts of the brain that do not normally receive messages from the rest of the nervous system.
This means that the normal functions of the patient’s brain are disrupted and he shows signs of unusual behavior, such as behavioral abnormalities, convulsions, or coma.
Seizures cannot be controlled by a person with epilepsy and there is no cure for this condition. In fact, it is fatal most of the time. Only a fraction of patients who have epilepsy recover and they do so after undergoing special treatments.
However, most epileptic patients are diagnosed when they are in the middle of seizures. Early diagnosis of this disease can drastically improve the chances of survival and rehabilitation of the patients.
The symptoms of epilepsy include
- Loss of consciousness
- Uncontrolled twitching
- Memory loss
- Drooping eyelids
- Abnormal behavior
These symptoms vary from one patient to another, according to the specific type of epileptic seizure that a patient has. There are also cases where a patient may have a sudden change in personality and memory loss.
For this reason, doctors immediately suspect the presence of epileptic in patients and start drug treatment. The use of anti epileptic drugs (Amitriptyline), benzodiazepines (tranquilizers), antidepressants (Zoloft, Prozac, Paxil), and drugs for treating depression are commonly prescribed by doctors.
In addition, there are also some drugs which act as a type of preventive treatment in the prevention of epileptic seizure in patients who are at high risk for this condition.
This preventive treatment is called preclinical epilepsy
It was first discovered when a group of children was given antipsychotic drugs. It was found that these drugs reduced the risk of developing encephalopathy. These drugs prevent the re-formation of a part of the brain called the Hippocampus system which is essential in the formation of memories.
Other preventive treatments are electroconvulsive therapy or ECT, which uses electrical stimulation, and functional magnetic stimulation, which uses magnet therapy.
This treatment is used in more severe cases. If these treatments are not successful, the last option is surgery for the treatment of epileptic encephalopathy.
However, this procedure has some very serious side effects and it can lead to permanent damage to the brain or the failure of the body to compensate for the damage done.
Seizures that cause epilepsy can be triggered by a variety of conditions in the body
For example, patients suffering from certain diseases such as diabetes, AIDS, or HIV may develop seizures due to these conditions. Moreover, patients who have suffered strokes may also suffer from this condition.
Seizures in epileptic encephalopathy can affect the body’s central nervous system and its functions. For this reason, seizures are common symptoms of this condition.
Epilepsy affects the brain through chemical imbalance
The brain produces certain chemicals in the form of neurotransmitters that are essential in transmitting messages from the brain to various parts of the body.
When there is an imbalance, these chemicals are not produced as much or at all. This results in the brain not being able to process information correctly.
When enough information is processed, the person can perform simple tasks normally, but in cases where the communication channel is not working properly, the person can be unable to perform even these simplest tasks.
There is a lot of research going on about how the brain works. There are still many mysteries involved in the workings of the brain. Patients with epilepsy are in need of a lot more study to fully understand how the brain functions.
In the meantime, people with epilepsy can lead normal and healthy lives, provided the drugs prescribed by their doctors do not interfere with the brain’s normal functioning.
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