Dry Cough Causes, Symptoms and Medicine
Dry cough poses significant management and diagnostic challenge because of a multitude of etiologies. The precise etiology of acute or chronic cough is often unknown. An acute cough is commonly thought to be caused primarily by post-nasal drip, gastroesophageal reflux, or asthma.
But recent evidence indicates that most patients with acute cough do not have a persistent cough and even in those with chronic cough, the response to certain medications is sometimes unpredictable at best. Chronic cough can also be caused by a viral infection, exposure to agents such as
- Allergic reactions to drugs and Irritants Food allergies
- Sinusitis or structural problems in the lung (such as an enlarged trachea)
Patients with chronic cough may also have pleural effusions, which are accumulations of fluid secreted from the lungs into the pleura. Pleural effusion usually enlarges the lumen of the pleura so that air flow is obstructed.
Excess fluid secreted into the pleura is a common cause of lymphedema, which can progress to pneumonia if left untreated. The majority of patients with chronic dry cough have pleural effusions.
There are several common symptoms of lymphedema, which include
- Sore throat
- Difficulty swallowing
- Pain in the chest area
A more serious complication of lymphedema is pulmonary edema, which occurs when the lungs are unable to receive enough oxygen. This is a condition that can eventually cause death in extremely rare cases.
Most patients with dry cough have positive history of infections such as Streptococcus pneumoniae or Staphylococcus aureus. In order to prevent a worsening of their condition, lymphedema patients are encouraged to practice good hygiene, including regular bathing and cleaning of the affected areas.
Patients are also encouraged to use a humidifier to increase the moisture in their breathing space. Lymphedema patients who continue to experience dry coughing may be at risk for developing mesothelioma. Therefore, it is imperative that they receive regular checkups by a physician.
For those patients suffering from recurrent bouts of dry cough due to lymphedema, doctors may recommend the use of an over-the-counter medication to control the symptoms. These medications work by relieving the symptoms associated with the dry cough condition.
Some of these medications include
- OTC hydrocortisone
Preventing further complications such as the development of lymphedema requires that the main causes of dry cough be addressed.
The primary causes include
- The accumulation of fluid along the walls of the airways
- Causing irritation
The fluid buildup also causes an obstruction that causes the mucous to harden and keep the airways open. Therefore, if the primary cause of the condition is not addressed, it will only aggravate the condition.
Dry Cough Medicine
If you are having trouble getting rid of your dry cough and need to find some dry cough medicine for adults, then this article will point you in the right direction. Most people with chronic or occasional dry coughs have no problems with decongestants or cough suppressants.
For many people, however, the constant ringing in the ears and wheezing make life difficult to bear and can leave them with a feeling of discomfort with every breath they take.
These side effects can make a dry cough medicine for adults a good choice, but you should know that there is more to the treatment of dry cough than just a suppository. You may find that an over-the-counter or homeopathic cough treatment is the right one for you.
Maximum Strength Cold Shoulder Cough Medication
This is an over-the-counter decongestant that relieves the symptoms of a sore throat accompanied by a dry cough. The lozenges dissolve when dissolved in the liquids and prevent the drainage of mucous, which helps to alleviate the symptoms.
Cold Shoulder Cough Medication should be taken three to four times daily and should not be taken if you are allergic to or sensitive to lanolin or other ingredients.
Active Ingredients for Dry Cough
- Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide
- Ethyl alcohol
- Methyl salicylate
- Diphenyl picolinate
- Loratadine hydrochloride
- Calcium carbonate
- Sodium sarcosinate
- Potassium sorbate
- Tannic acid
Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide is the active ingredient and is the only ingredient listed in the product data sheet. It is an amino acid that can easily be manufactured synthetically and is used to treat a wide range of conditions including
- Respiratory infection
- Oral thrush
- Dry cough
It is available in a ten ml dose for adults and children over the age of 18 years. Adults and Children Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide are a common side effect for many dry cough medicine products, especially those that contain alcohol.
If the dosage is too high, it can also produce undesirable side effects like
- Runny nose
- Dry cough
- Dry mouth
Adults who are taking the medication should not drive or operate machinery while taking this medication and pregnant women should avoid the medication. It should not be combined with other medications.
Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide is effective in the treatment of many types of dry coughs, also known as chronic sinusitis or postnasal drip. Dry coughing is often associated with a tickly feeling in the throat and a tickly cough with a runny cough.
It is usually associated with allergies or an infection in the upper respiratory tract and can be treated with medicine. Adults who have experienced a tickly cough and taken Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide experience a gradual decrease in tickly sensation and sore throat. The medication is usually administered on a daily basis for relief of the symptoms.
Acetaminophen Dextromethorphan is one of two medicines included in the category of dry cough medicine that treats acid reflux and includes several other common medications for chronic bronchial problems. This medication is also used to treat postnasal drip and chronic Romberg’s.
Common side effects of acetaminophen include
- Upset stomach
Other medications in this category are also available such as
Isotretinoin is another common medication that addresses the problem of congestive heart failure. This drug acts as an anti-diarrhea drug and addresses symptoms such as dry cough, dyspnea, and cough.
Side effects of Isotretinoin include
- Severe weight loss
- Fluid retention
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Mood swings
- Increased cholesterol
Treatment usually lasts for eight weeks and must continue for at least four to six months to be effective. In some cases, doctors will require patients to use an automated ventilator after finishing treatment for isotretinoin.
Several of the common over-the-counter medications for cough conditions include
- Wet and dry cough expectorants
- Non-water soluble anti-cough medications
These medications can provide temporary relief from symptoms of this condition, but do not address the underlying causes of the illness. Medications that include a combination of one or more of these medications are the most effective treatments.
These medications are designed to slow or suppress the action of irritants or chemicals released by the body to reduce inflammation, relieve congestion, and calm and control spasms in the airways.
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