Different Types of Glaucoma Treatment
Glaucoma surgery is the removal of the optic nerve using a surgical procedure to prevent permanent damage to the optic nerve and in many cases, to cure vision loss that has already developed. In fact, glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness and the majority of people who contract this disease do not even know it.
This is because glaucoma can be very tricky to detect, making the detection of glaucoma before the disease has progressed too far difficult. In fact, if you visit your eye doctor for regular checkups on an annual basis, your eye doctor will be able to monitor your progress in detecting the disease.
If, after a proper diagnosis, glaucoma surgery is recommended, then you may well be given the go-ahead for the surgery.
Currently, there are two types of glaucoma surgery
The first type is called open drainage glaucoma surgery or trabeculectomy. In this type of glaucoma surgery, the surgeon makes a small incision in the eye and removes a tiny part of the eye’s eye tissue. The result is that the trabecular network, or the network of nerve fibres, is reduced and the pressure inside the eye is reduced as well.
The other type of glaucoma surgery is the closed drainage technique or laser trabeculoplasty. In this procedure, the surgeon does not make any small incision but instead uses a laser-guided trabeculoplasty. This laser surgery can be used in glaucoma surgery to decrease the amount of eye pressure that accumulates in the eye over time.
This can be very helpful for people whose eyes slowly begin to lose their vision as they get older. For example, if a person begins to experience vision problems around the age of sixty, glaucoma surgery might be able to help restore their vision.
There are also several eye pressure-lowering medications available today, which can be used in conjunction with trabeculoplasty surgery to effectively lower the vision health of individuals.
Some common conditions that can result in increased eye pressure and need glaucoma surgery include cataracts, progressive retinopathy, and glaucoma of the conjunctiva. Cataracts can result in cloudy, hazy vision, and progressive retinal detachment, which occurs when the retina grows outward instead of inward.
Progressive retinal detachment can result in serious damage to the eye and can even lead to blindness
Progressive retinal detachment is often caused by high levels of aqueous humour. This condition is usually discovered through routine eye examinations, but can sometimes be detected through eye MRI tests. One of the most common types of glaucoma surgery performed on an outpatient basis is called an aphakic patient.
An aphakic patient is a thin metal tube that is inserted into the eye through a small hole in the cornea. The surgeon then sculpts the cornea so that the tip of the tube is above or behind the iris. The surgeon then inserts a balloon catheter, which helps to drain away excess aqueous from the eye. Small incisions may also be made along the iris to allow for drainage.
Another type of glaucoma surgery is called intraocular pressure therapy, or IOP. The process of IOP begins with the use of eye drops, to decrease the pressure inside the eye. The IOP procedure is typically done on an outpatient basis. A small tube that is similar to a catheter is inserted through the eye and into the cheek below the eye. The surgeon then inserts a balloon syringe which helps to draw out excess aqueous.
Many patients are unaware that in addition to the actual glaucoma surgery, other treatment options may be necessary to maintain or restore their eyesight
Some of these treatment options include prescription eye drops to help treat the disease, or laser surgery to improve the visual field and vision. Your eye doctor should discuss these options with you thoroughly before making any significant changes to your eye care.
If you are interested in trying one or more alternative treatments, discuss them with your eye doctor so he can give you the best advice possible. Many glaucoma treatment options are similar to the gold standard procedure mentioned above. However, there are many ways in which the two procedures can be executed differently.
In particular, a patient can use the gold standard procedure with an IOP or intraocular pressure device, while using an IOP with laser treatment. It’s important to discuss your glaucoma treatment options with your eye doctor and to understand what you’re receiving. Discussing your options with your doctor will ensure you receive the best care for your eyes.
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