While eye problems tend to get worse as we age, some can be avoided or even corrected if you: Have an annual examination, eye exams, and x-rays. See your family doctor regularly to monitor for eye conditions that can cause eye problems, such as diabetes.
- If you wear contact lenses, be sure to clean them regularly and follow the manufacturer’s instructions
- Go to an ophthalmologist or optometrist at least every year.
Some common age-related macular degeneration symptoms include
Someone in the early stage of age-related macular degeneration normally don’t have any symptoms. The early sign of macular degeneration is a gradual or sudden change in the quality of your vision or that straight lines appear distorted to the patient, which may gradually turn into a dramatic loss of your central vision. Other symptoms of macular degeneration include
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Increasing sensitivity to light
- Blurred vision
- Loss of focus
- Cataracts, and much more.
An eye doctor can diagnose and treat eye problems that may be developing or result in blindness
You should visit an eye doctor yearly because eyes lose moisture as we age, so an eye doctor can examine your eyes to detect signs of dryness, including puffiness, and can give you recommendations for treatment. Your optometrist can give you a list of symptoms to watch for when it comes to dry eyes, blurred vision, pain in the eye or sensitivity to light.
Avoid wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses if possible
Both of these eye problems can make it difficult to see clearly, and if one causes severe damage to your eyesight, the other almost certainly will as well. There are several reasons why people wear glasses or contact lenses. For some, it’s a matter of convenience; others wear them because of visual distortions they can’t correct without buying expensive corrective aids.
To prevent serious eye problems from developing or worsening, see an eye doctor regularly and at the same time as you smoke. Smoke is a major contributor to dry eye conditions and can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which supply blood to them.
It’s especially important not to smoke around children or the elderly, who are at the highest risk for developing problems with their eyesight. If you’ve been smoking for some time, your eyes may already be dried out due to other factors. But even if you haven’t yet been smoking, it’s wise to stop now.
In the United States, some of the leading eye problems are age-related
As people get older, the chance of developing cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration increases dramatically. Some health experts believe that seniors who smoke have a greater chance of developing these two conditions than people who don’t smoke.
Smoking weakens the walls of the arteries that feed the macula, which means that blood pressure will build up in the eye. This can cause blurry vision, increased stress on the eyes, and even loss of vision.
Another common vision problem that many seniors suffer from is lazy eye
Lazy eye is also known as strabismus and happens when the eye cannot focus on a particular object. Usually, this happens when the eyes are focusing on a distant object when they shouldn’t be. This can result in difficult tasks such as reading or watching television, and the inability to see close detail. People who suffer from lazy eye often need a lot of help with their daily activities.
The risk factor of lazy eye syndrome
Little children are more likely to have a lazy eye if they
- Were born early (premature)
- Were smaller than average at birth
- Have a family history of amblyopia or other eye conditions
- Have developmental disabilities
How to diagnose lazy eye
Parents should make sure their children have vision tests before they reach the school-age. The children’s lazy eye doctor or the vision program at school will check to make sure that
- Nothing blocks the light coming into their eyes
- Both eyes see equally well
- Each eye moves the way it should
Some teenagers and adults with lazy eye syndrome do have successful lazy eye correction treatment. But it may not work as well if a child’s vision has fully developed to around age 7 to 9. With early diagnosis and treatment, most children will regain almost all their vision. Just make sure your child gets eye exams early on.
A less common eye disorder is called conjunctivitis
This is a red eyes symptom, caused by irritation of the eyes caused by allergies or infection. One way to treat conjunctivitis is by using eye drops that contain steroids. You should also avoid coming into direct contact with allergens such as pollen and cigarette smoke, which will irritate your eyes and cause a red eye’s symptom. If at all possible, try to avoid being around sources of irritating allergens.
Eye doctors will be able to properly diagnose these eye problems in their patients. Although they can sometimes be avoided, for example by avoiding certain things such as cigarette smoke, it’s best to take preventative measures to protect your eyesight.
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