Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a medical procedure which combines continuous chest compressions with artificial respiration in an attempt to manually maintain adequate circulation in a patient who has suffered a respiratory arrest and is still in cardiac arrest.
In many cases, patients are resuscitated immediately after the arrival of the medical team and in many cases, it is a matter of minutes before the patient is returned to normal breathing. The main aim of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is to bring about an improvement in patient condition within a set period of time.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation has become the first choice method of treating victims of traumatic injuries, stroke, cardiac arrests and the like. It can be achieved through the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). This device is operated by a trained and certified paramedic, who usually monitors the vital signs of the patient and administers a treatment when the patient is showing signs of life-threatening conditions.
Cardiac arrest occurs when there is an immediate and irreversible stoppage of heart beat caused by a variety of reasons. When this occurs, the body cannot produce enough oxygen and energy to sustain life and the brain relies on other organs for fuel and energy.
Cardiac arrest is commonly associated with the victims of a heart attack. The most common cause of cardiac arrest is due to the blockage of the coronary arteries caused by thrombosed blood clots which are formed in the arteries. The symptoms of the condition include
- And these can be noticed by the victim if the chest pains occur suddenly
These symptoms may progress and become severe in less than ten minutes. There are various techniques used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in order to treat these sudden chest pains
- They can include Cardiogenic hypotension, which involves pumping air into the lungs to make them work harder and therefore increase the blood flow to the lungs
- Mechanical ventricular assist devices, which helps to provide the necessary electrical impulses to the heart by delivering electrical impulses into the heart muscle
- Mechanical pumping pumps that allow blood to flow by a suctioning process; or a ventricular assist pump that is implanted in the chest wall in order to pump fluid away from the heart failure and to prevent fluid build-up in the upper parts of the body.
Resuscitation can be achieved through the use of chest compression as the most effective form of treatment. The use of a bag-valve injector can be inserted into the heart, and the air pressure is increased by placing the bag-valve in the chest wall. This pump can be placed into the chest of a victim when the victim is still alive or before they begin to lose consciousness.
Chest Compression is a very important part of the resuscitation process. This method is more effective at stabilizing the victim than any other form of cardiopulmonary respiration. The use of a bag-valve system allows for air and fluid to enter and exit the lungs and blood in the proper manner without causing damage to the lungs.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation can be performed by performing a standard chest compression or an automated chest compression machine
Many people prefer the former for its ability to be performed rapidly and accurately. The use of this device in cardiopulmonary arrest patients should be monitored closely to ensure that there is no damage or infection occurring to the lungs or the chest wall.
The use of a Cardiac Assist Device can be helpful, but if it is used in the wrong manner it could cause damage to the walls of the lungs. Cardiac Assist Devices is also useful if used to help compress the chest. However, if used incorrectly, they may cause damage to the lungs.
Cardiac Assist Devices are often used in cardiopulmonary arrest to give the victim the advantage of the chest compression during this procedure. They are also useful for those who have breathing difficulties and for those who have had cardiac arrests in the past. A medical emergency department may be able to give more advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation to cardiopulmonary arrest victims.
This is usually performed using a standard chest pump. These can be useful in the early stages of the resuscitation process when the victim is still alive and are not likely to sustain major damage to the lungs. They can be given to the victim if the patient does not respond to basic forms of cardiopulmonary resuscitation such as chest compressions and rescue breaths.
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