Cardiac Arrhythmias (Abnormal Heart Rhythm) Overview
Cardiac arrhythmias are common in many adults who have suffered a heart attack or stroke. They can also affect a person who has had aortic stenosis or congenital heart disease. A cardiac arrhythmia is the abnormal heart rhythm that results from an abnormally high or low heart rate.
The arrhythmia can be caused by a number of factors, such as genetics, a build-up of too much cholesterol or other fats in the body, the build-up of too little muscle tone, or even congenital heart disease. An arrhythmia can be brought about by the autonomic nerves controlling the heart, which become either overactive or underactive.
If the arrhythmia does not occur naturally, it can be induced by electrical stimulation by a doctor, nurse or technician. However, there are many types of electrical stimulation available today and they all work on different methods to induce the arrhythmia.
One method of treating cardiac arrhythmias is cardiopulmonary vasoconstriction
his type of treatment has three phases, beginning with the administration of a diuretic (water pill) to reduce the risk of urinating in excess of one pint per day. The second phase is where the patient receives medication such as calcium and magnesium chloride to reduce the risk of hyperthyroidism or hypercalcemia.
The third phase involves treating the arrhythmia itself. Depending on the cause of the arrhythmia, the patient may be put on a ventricular pacing device, a pacemaker, or may receive a coronary artery bypass or stent.
A cardiopulmonary vasoconstriction machine called the brachial plexus stimulation helps to bring the arrhythmia under control by delivering a constant flow of electricity through the affected nerve. The goal of this treatment is to slow the heartbeat down and increase the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart.
Another method of treating cardiac arrhythmia is cardiogenic stimulation. This treatment is used to treat people who cannot get the proper amount of oxygenated blood and nutrients into their heart muscle tissue because of a heart defect, disease, or because of a congenital heart condition.
Patients who use this treatment are put on a ventricular pumping machine, or ECG (electrocardiogram)
This machine provides the heart with electrical impulses that stimulate the heart muscle cells so that they can make more muscle contractions and increase the rate of the heart. Patients who suffer from heart failure may be given a pacemaker to help them keep their heart pumping and keep the heart in the proper rhythm.
Heart failure can be treated with a pacemaker or with the use of cardio-vascular electrodes to reduce the heart damage that occurs from heart failure. The final treatment that is often used for treating cardiac arrhythmias is an electrocardiogram.
This method involves the use of electricity through the use of electrodes that are placed on the affected area to cause the heart to contract, which in turn leads to lessening of the heart rate. Electrolyte medications, such as lithium and atenolol, can also be used to treat patients who suffer from cardiac arrhythmias.
Patients who have been exposed to this type of treatment may feel a tingling or numbness in their hands and feet when they are being shocked. These symptoms usually go away on their own but in some patients, this will last for as long as two or three days.
In addition to the traditional treatments that are available, there are other forms of treatment that have shown some effectiveness in reducing cardiac arrhythmias. There are a variety of medications that can be used to treat this problem. If surgery is necessary, then it may involve the placement of the pacemaker or coronary artery bypass.
When it comes to a coronary artery bypass or stent, patients who have the problem of cardiac arrhythmia are generally put on a ventricular pacing machine to help slow the heart rate down until the stent or valve is eventually repaired or removed.
Another type of treatment that can be used is called beta-blockers, which can slow the heart rate down to a rate where the heart does not have to work as hard. These medications, however, can cause side effects and the patient may experience an increase in heart rate after the treatment.
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