Male infertility is the inability to make sperm in normal shape, movement, and pattern. In men, it occurs when either of the two testicles does not function properly; usually both the testicles need to work properly in order for sperm to grow and mature.
If either testicle does not function normally, it is possible for the sperm to become stuck within the uterus. Male infertility can be determined by fertility tests called sperm chromatin assays.
These infertility tests are performed to determine if there are any abnormalities in a sperm cell’s DNA, which can be caused by several things. Infertility can also be caused by a blockage, or inflammation of the sperm ducts, which can occur during sperm cell development. Sperm cell formation usually takes place inside the epididymis but can also take place outside the ducts.
Sperm cell abnormalities are usually treated with surgery
If the blockage is too severe to be treated with surgery, then doctors may want to try a different infertility treatment for male infertility. This includes treatments such as
In-Vitro fertilization (IVF)
This is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART) that involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilize the eggs with sperm. The fertilized egg is known as an embryo, which can then be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus.
Doctors can also implant embryos in a surrogate, or gestational carrier. The success rate of in-vitro fertilization tests varies. According to the American Pregnancy Association, the live birth rate for women under age 35 undergoing in-vitro fertilization test is 41% to 43%. This rate falls to 13% to 18% percent for women over the age of 40.
Depending on the woman’s situation, an in-vitro fertilization test can use:
- The woman’s eggs and your partner’s sperm
- The woman’s eggs and donor sperm
- Donor eggs and your partner’s sperm
- Donor eggs and donor sperm
- Donated embryos. Why Is In Vitro Fertilization Performed?
Intracytoplasmic sperm aspiration (ICSI)
This test is a commonly performed technique used to increase the chance of fertilization in cases of severe sperm defects or when there is an In-Vitro fertilization history of fertilization failure caused by a sperm problem.
It is not routinely used, and in cases of normal sperm, intracytoplasmic sperm aspiration may actually have a poorer fertilization rate than conventional insemination.
It is very possible to achieve a pregnancy with very few sperm. In cases of severe sperm problems, the infertility urologist will extract tissue from the testes, the ducts, or through normal ejaculate. The embryologist prepares the sperm and injects it into a mature egg in the laboratory.
Both procedures use synthetic sperm to fertilize an egg, in order to increase the chances of conception. It is important that you discuss all of your options before deciding on the right infertility treatment for your specific case of male infertility.
There are some diseases that can cause male infertility, as well. These include
- Testicular cancer
- Testicular cysts
- Prostate disease
In male infertility, sperm cell abnormalities can lead to reduced sperm count and decreased motility. Sometimes, the sperm cell count can even decrease below the normal range. This condition is called azoospermia and can lead to a reduced quality sperm count.
Another male infertility treatment that can be used to help improve the fertility of a male is called artificial insemination
This is the introduction of sperm into a woman’s uterus, allowing her to get pregnant without sexual intercourse. It can be conducted with donor sperm or the intended father’s sperm.
If a woman is struggling with infertility, the woman can undergo artificial insemination. Artificial Insemination can combat male factor infertility from inadequate sperm count, motility, or maneuverability.
It’s also a solution for female infertility from thick cervical mucus, endometriosis, or abnormal reproductive organs. Single women and those in same-sex relationships may also choose artificial insemination; a donor sperm is often used in these instances.
Artificial insemination involves the use of an egg donor to fertilize the man’s sperm, which allows them to have more chances of becoming pregnant.
There are a few male treatment options for infertility
The most common among these treatments is the use of fertility drugs and surgery. When looking for male infertility treatment, it is best to talk to a doctor to find the right one for you.
The above-mentioned male infertility treatment options are just some of the many that are available today. There are a variety of other treatments and medications available to help a man who is not able to conceive.
Some of these treatments are natural treatments, while others are more complex and expensive. Before you choose a male infertility treatment, it is a good idea to consult with your doctor. Your doctor may offer some suggestions that will help improve your fertility and give you advice on what to do for your condition.
There are also a lot of ways to improve male infertility
One of these methods is through natural means. If your doctor does not feel that surgery or drugs are the right options, there are a lot of natural ways to improve your fertility.
You can make your own treatment by using herbs and other natural remedies. It can be helpful to use essential oils, as they can increase the flow of blood to the testes, which helps increase sperm count and increase the chances of conception.
You can also eat foods that can increase sperm count. Some of these foods include
- Other green vegetables
While some treatments can improve the fertility of a man, there are a few more options you can look into. If none of these options work, you may want to talk to a doctor about using fertility drugs and surgery. This can sometimes be helpful, but it is often not the most effective male infertility treatment.
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