There are a number of things that can lead to the development of cystitis or a urinary tract infection. The bladder and kidneys are areas of the body that have natural defences against infection. If bacteria that cause a urinary tract infection (UTI) penetrate these barriers, they can be difficult to get rid of. Certain conditions can further complicate a UTI into a condition that is already inflamed.

The most common cause of a bladder infection is prolonged stress. Many people have a problem with this. When the bladder becomes overstretched, it creates a dangerous environment for the bacteria to breed.

Other factors that cause a bladder infection include

  • Alcohol abuse
  • Drugs
  • Pregnancy
  • Childbirth
  • Menopause

In women, the causes of kidney infections are increased stress and an increased risk of developing urinary tract or renal colic. As with bladder infections, this is caused by prolonged stress. Women who do not have children often have more of a chance of developing a chronic kidney disease that can lead to kidney infections.


In children, bladder infections and renal colic are linked to urinary tract infections. It is important to note that urinary tract infections usually go away on their own without any intervention. However, as is the case with other bladder infections, if you think you may have a bladder infection, you should get it treated immediately.

The main symptoms of cystitis include

  • Pain, burning or stinging when you pee
  • Needing to pee more often and urgently than normal
  • Urine that’s dark, cloudy or strong smelling
  • Pain low down in your tummy
  • Feeling generally unwell, achy, sick and tired
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The possible symptoms of cystitis in young children include a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above, weakness, irritability, reduced appetite and vomiting

It is possible for men to get a bladder infection without a urinary tract infection

It is also possible for children to get a urinary tract infection without a bladder infection. The fact that UTIs and bladder infections are often confused is partly because of the similarities in symptoms. People with a UTI often complain of a burning sensation, a feeling of incomplete emptying, and a general sense of urgency.


There are a number of symptoms of a bladder infection. Symptoms of a bladder infection include

  • Pain during urination
  • Urgency or discomfort during urination
  • Strong or constant urge to urinate
  • Feeling of fullness after urinating.

Symptoms of a bladder infection include the

  • Presence of blood or pus in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Hot flashes
  • Muscle aches

Kidney infection is often accompanied by symptoms of pain in the abdomen. These symptoms include

  • Stomach pain
  • High fever
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Unusual tiredness

A urinary tract infection can be transmitted through contact with a person who has an infection, sharing items such as washcloths, towels, or toilet paper.

Urethritis is another common infection that is related to the bladder. While it is true that many people suffering from urinary tract infections will have urethritis, urethritis is not always the case. Urethritis can occur in children with urinary tract infections or adult women with bladder infections.

Heartburn is another condition that is closely associated with a bladder infection. Heartburn can occur when stomach acid moves up into the oesophagus and stimulates it. As the stomach acid rises, it can force its way into the oesophagus. These are the same reasons why some people experience heartburn when they eat certain foods.

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Severe abdominal pain or the symptoms of a kidney infection can be accompanied by a feeling of dizziness. This is due to the combined effects of abdominal pain and kidney infection. Pregnant women are often advised to avoid caffeine and spicy foods due to the potential risks of kidney stones.

No matter what the symptoms of a bladder infection, no one wants to have to suffer from it. Most people do not even realize that they have a bladder infection until a doctor tells them they do. If you are a woman, you may not even know that you have a bladder infection until a child gets a UTI.

You should consult your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms of a bladder infection. A health care provider can recommend treatments or a course of treatment that is likely to be most effective for you. effective for you.

The best time to see your General Practitioners if you are having any of the symptoms of cystitis listed above

Any women who have had cystitis before do not necessarily need to see their general practitioner if her condition returns, as mild cases often get better without treatment. But, the woman can try the self-help measures listed below, or ask her pharmacist for advice.

  • If she’s having the symptoms of cystitis for the first time
  • If the symptoms do not start to improve within a few days
  • Getting cystitis frequently
  • Having severe symptoms of cystitis, such as blood in the urine
  • Pregnant and having symptoms of cystitis
  • A man having the symptoms of cystitis
  • A child that has symptoms of cystitis
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The general practitioner will be able to diagnose cystitis by asking about your symptoms. They may test a sample of your urine for bacteria to help confirm the diagnosis.

The best treatment for Cystitis

The general practitioners often prescribe antibiotics for the treatment of cystitis infections. And the treatment should start to be effective a day to 2. For someone who has had cystitis before and does not feel any need to see the general practitioner, the person may need to treat the symptoms at home.

Many people even find it helpful to try over-the-counter products that reduce the acidity of their urine (such as sodium bicarbonate or potassium citrate), but there is a lack of evidence to suggest they’re effective. Read more about treating cystitis.

For someone that keeps getting cystitis, the general practitioner may give such person an antibiotic prescription to take to a pharmacy whenever the person develops the symptoms, without needing to see the doctor first. The general practitioner can also prescribe a low dose of antibiotics for the person to take continuously over several months.

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